Building the Nation: Americans Write About Their Architecture, Their Cities, and Their Landscape

الغلاف الأمامي
Steven Conn, Max Page
University of Pennsylvania Press, 18‏/01‏/2016 - 424 من الصفحات

Moving away from the standard survey that takes readers from architect to architect and style to style, Building the Nation: Americans Write About Their Architecture, Their Cities, and Their Landscape suggests a wholly new way of thinking about the history of America's built environment and how Americans have related to it.

Through an enormous range of American voices, some famous and some obscure, and across more than two centuries of history, this anthology shows that the struggle to imagine what kinds of buildings and land use would best suit the nation pervaded all classes of Americans and was not the purview only of architects and designers. Some of the nation's finest writers, including Mark Twain, W. E. B. Du Bois, Henry James, Edith Wharton, Lewis Mumford, E. B. White, and John McPhee, are here, contemplating the American way of building. Equally important are those eloquent but little-known voices found in American newspapers and magazines which insistently wondered what American architecture and environmental planning should look like.

Building the Nation also insists that American architecture can be understood only as both a result of and a force in shaping American social, cultural, and political developments. In so doing, this anthology demonstrates how central the built environment has been to our definition of what it is to be American and reveals seven central themes that have repeatedly animated American writers over the course of the past two centuries: the relationship of American architecture to European architecture, the nation's diverse regions, the place and shape of nature in American life, the design of cities, the explosion of the suburbs, the power of architecture to reform individuals, and the role of tradition in a nation dedicated to being perennially young.

 

المحتوى

AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE?
1
Anonymous excerpt from On the Architecture of America 1790
10
Its Alleged Degeneracy 1842
12
Horatio Greenough excerpt from American Architecture 1843
14
Anonymous excerpt from A Public Building 1869
17
Frederick Jackson Turner Architecture Through Oppression 1884
22
7 Montgomery Schuyler The Point of View 1891
24
John Dos Passos excerpt from The Big Money 1936
26
Anonymous Description of the City of Washington 1791
195
G Upton excerpt from The Plan of San Francisco 1869
197
The Reverend Josiah Strong excerpt from The Problem of the Twentieth Century City 1888
200
Julian Ralph excerpt from Colorado and Its Capital 1893
203
John Coleman Adams excerpt from What a Great City Might BeA Lesson from the White City 1896
206
Anonymous excerpt from Art and Railway Stations 1909
210
Aesthetic Progress 1899
212
A Social Study 1899
215

Mary Hornaday Melting Pot of Architecture 1937
27
Talbot F Hamlin excerpt from The Architecture of the Future 1943
30
G E Kidder Smith excerpt from The Tragedy of American Architecture 1945
33
John A Kouwenhoven excerpt from What Is American in Architecture and Design? Notes Toward an Aesthetic of Process 1961
37
Douglas Davis Towers of Mammon 1973
41
Vincent Scully Tomorrows Ruins Today 1999
43
AMERICANS VIEW THE WORLD
47
Thomas Jefferson Letters from Paris 17851786
53
Anonymous excerpt from Description of the City of Morocco 1795
55
Anonymous excerpt from Sketch of Amsterdam 1804
57
Catherine Maria Sedgwick excerpt from Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home 1841
59
Constance Fenimore Woolson excerpt from Mentone Cairo and Corfu 1896
61
Mark Twain excerpts from The Innocents Abroad 1869
64
Edith Wharton excerpt from Italian Villas and Their Gardens 1904
66
Sylvester Baxter excerpt from The German Way of Making Better Cities 1909
69
A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s 1934
73
Frank Lloyd Wright excerpt from Architecture and Life in the U S S R 1937
76
Douglas Haskell excerpt from Recent Architecture Abroad 1940
79
Young Blood and Old 1949
81
Paul Goldberger excerpt from The International Style After Half a Century 1983
84
Suzanne Stephens Manifest Disney 1992
87
SHAPING NATURE THE AMERICAN WAY
93
W Short Antiquities of Ohio 1817
97
Anonymous Pine Lands of New Jersey 1829
99
John McPhee excerpt from The Pine Barrens 1967
100
Washington Irving excerpt from A Tour on the Prairies 1835 1O2 33 Anonymous Review of Andrew Jackson Downing Landscape Gardening and R...
106
H M Alden excerpt from The Pennsylvania Coal Region 1863
112
Frederick Lewis Allen Our National Shabbiness 1915
114
Douglas Haskell Architecture of the TVA 1941
118
John D MacDonald Last Chance to Save the Everglades 1969
120
John A Kouwenhoven excerpt from Preliminary Glance at an American Landscape 1961
123
William F Buckley excerpt from The Politics of Beauty 1966
125
Peter Blake excerpt from Gods Own Junkyard 1964
130
Michael Pollan Abolish the White House Lawn 1991
133
William Cronon The Trouble with Wilderness 1995
137
REGIONALISM AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT
141
Anonymous excerpt from Topographical Sketches of the County of Essex 1792
147
Anonymous excerpt from An Account of Moravian Settlements 1796
149
Z excerpt from Domestic Architecture 1832
152
W E B Du Bois excerpt from The Souls of Black Folk 1903
155
Clifton Johnson excerpt from Highways and Byways of the South 1904
159
Corra Harris excerpt from The Abomination of Cities 1914
163
J W Hoover excerpt from House and Village Types of the Southwest as Conditioned by Aridity 1935 and Talbot Hamlin excerpt from What Makes I...
165
Phyllis Fenner excerpt from Grandfathers Store 1942
173
Carey McWilliams excerpt from Look Whats Happened to California 1949
174
Charlotte Conway Why Is This an American Style House? 1951
177
Thomas Griffith Show Me the Way to Go Home 1974
179
John Brinckerhoff Jackson excerpt from A Vision of New Fields 1984
181
Steven Conn Bulldozing Our Sense of Place 1999
184
URBANISM REAL AND IMAGINED
187
The Reverend Dr Duche Description of Philadelphia 1789
193
Louis Sullivan excerpt from The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered 1896 and Henry James excerpt from The American Scene 1907
221
Commonweal Editors The Terrible SuperCity 1925
227
Norman Bel Geddes excerpt from Magic Motorways 1940
228
E B White excerpt from Here Is New York 1949
231
Simone de Beauvoir America Day by Day LAmérique au jour le jour 1954
236
Jane Jacobs Downtown Is for People 1958
237
Alfred Kazin Fear of the City 1783 to 1983 1983
240
Camillo Jose Vergara excerpt from The New American Ghetto 1994
243
Kurt Andersen excerpt from A City on a Hill 1997
246
Richard Todd excerpt from Las Vegas Tis of Thee 2001
250
Max Page On Edge Again 2001
252
THE TRIUMPH OF THE SUBURBS
257
Llewellen Park 1857 and Anonymous Llewellyn Park 1871
263
Olmsted Vaux and Co excerpt from Letter to the Riverside Improvement Company 1868
265
Anonymous excerpt from Suburban Homes on the West Jersey Railroad 1881
268
A Plea for Privacy in Home Life 1896
271
Christine Frederick excerpt from Is Suburban Living a Delusion? 1928 and Ethel Longworth Swift excerpt from In Defense of Suburbia 1928
276
Thomas H and Doris Reed with Murray Teigh Bloom excerpt from Does Your City Suffer from Suburbanitis? 1952
279
Frederick Lewis Allen excerpt from The Big Change in Suburbia 1954
284
William H Whyte Jr excerpt from Are Cities UnAmerican? 1957
289
Betty Friedan excerpt from The Feminine Mystique 1963
292
David Guterson excerpt from No Place Like Home 1992
295
James Howard Kunstler excerpt from Home from Nowhere 1996
301
ARCHITECTURE AND SOCIAL REFORM
307
Charles Dickens excerpt from American Notes 1842
311
Anonymous excerpt from The Shakers at Lebanon 1851
315
Anonymous excerpt from College Edifices and Their Relation to Education 1847
320
Catherine E Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe excerpt from The American Womans Home 1869
324
A Social Study 1885
328
John Hexamer excerpt from Mill Architecture 1885
335
Mary Bronson Hartt excerpt from Beautifying the Ugly Things 1905
336
Isaac F Marcosson excerpt from Giving Carnegie Libraries 1905
338
Benjamin Marsh excerpt from City Planning in Justice to the Working Population 1908
342
Edith Elmer Wood excerpt from That One Third of a Nation 1940
345
James Bailey The Case History of a Failure 1965
348
Vincent Scully The Threat and Promise of Urban Redevelopment in New Haven 1967
353
John Edgar Wideman Doing Time Marking Race 1995
355
BUILDING AND PROTECTING THE AMERICAN PAST
361
1oo Joseph Sansom Description of an Indian Mound 1822
367
S excerpt from Church Architecture in NewYork 1847
368
Anonymous Washingtons Examples 1866
372
Charles Eliot Norton excerpt from The Lack of Old Homes in America 1889
373
Anonymous excerpt from A Great Battle Park 1895
375
Park Pressey excerpt from Preserving the Landmarks 1914
376
Helen Burns excerpt from Colonial Williamsburg 1940
378
Lewis Mumford The Disappearance of Pennsylvania Station 1958
381
Russell Kirk Destroying the Past by Development 1965
387
Herbert J Gans excerpt from Preserving Everyones Noo Yawk 1975
390
Herbert Muschamp New War Memorial Is Shrine to Sentiment 2001
404
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نبذة عن المؤلف (2016)

Steven Conn is Associate Professor of History at The Ohio State University. He is the author of Museums and American Intellectual Life, 1876-1926 and Metropolitan Philadelphia: Living with the Presence of the Past, the latter also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press. Max Page is Associate Professor of Architecture and History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and the author of The Creative Destruction of Manhattan, 1900-1940.

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