The Nature and Destiny of Man: A Christian Interpretation : Human Nature

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Westminster John Knox Press, 1996 - Religion - 305 pages
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The Nature and Destiny of Man issues a vigorous challenge to Western civilization to understand its roots in the faith of the Bible, particularly the Hebraic tradition. The growth, corruption, and purification of the important Western emphases on individuality are insightfully chronicled here. This book is arguably Reinhold Niebuhr's most important work. It offers a sustained articulation of Niebuhr's theological ethics and is considered a landmark in twentieth-century thought.

The Library of Theological Ethics series focuses on what it means to think theologically and ethically. It presents a selection of important and otherwise unavailable texts in easily accessible form. Volumes in this series will enable sustained dialogue with predecessors though reflection on classic works in the field.

 

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Contents

MAN AS A PROBLEM TO HIMSELF
1
The Classical View of Man
4
The Christian View of Man
12
The Modern View of Man
18
THE PROBLEM OF VITALITY AND FORM IN HUMAN NATURE
26
The Rationalistic View of Human Nature
30
The Romantic Protest Against Rationalism
33
The Errors of Romanticism
39
Biblical Basis of the Doctrines
151
The Doctrine of Man as Creature
167
MAN AS SINNER
178
Temptation and Sin
179
The Sin of Pride
186
The Relation of Dishonesty to Pride
203
MAN AS SINNER CONTINUED
208
The Equality of Sin and the Inequality of Guilt
219

INDIVIDUALITY IN MODERN CULTURE
54
The Christian Sense of Individuality
57
The Idea of Individuality in the Renaissance
61
Bourgeois Civilization and Individuality
65
The Destruction of Individuality in Naturalism
68
The Loss of the Self in Idealism
74
The Lost of the Self in Romanticism
81
THE EASY CONSCIENCE OF MODERN MAN
93
The Effort to Derive Evil from Specific Historical Sources
96
Nature as a Source of Virtue
104
The Optimism of Idealism
112
THE RELEVANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN VIEW OF MAN
123
Individual and General Revelation
125
Creation as Revelation
131
Historical and Special Revelation
136
MAN AS IMAGE OF GOD AND AS CREATURE
150
Sin as Sensuality
228
ORIGINAL SIN AND MANS RESPONSIBILITY
241
Pelagian Doctrines
245
Augustinian Doctrines
248
Temptation and Inevitability of Sin
251
Responsibility Despite Inevitability
255
Literalistic Errors
260
JUSTITIA ORIGINALIS
265
Essential Nature and Original Righteousness
269
The Locus of Original Righteousness
276
The Content of Justitia Originalis as Law
280
The Transcendent Character of Justia Originalis
296
Index of Scriptural Passages
301
Index of Subjects
303
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About the author (1996)

Reinhold Niebuhr (1892 - 1971) was an ethicist, theologian, and political philosopher who taught at Union Theological Seminary in New York City from 1928 to 1960. Before that, for thirteen years, he was minister of Detroit's Bethel Evangelical Church.

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