Denmark and the Crusades: 1400 - 1650
This first full-length study of the role of crusading in late-medieval and early modern Denmark from about 1400 to 1650 offers new perspectives to international crusade studies. The first part of the book proves that crusading had a tremendous impact on political and religious life in Scandinavia all through the Middle Ages. Danish kings argued in the fifteenth century that they had their own northern crusade frontier, which stretched across Scandinavia from Russia in the east well into the North Atlantic and Greenland in the west. A series of expeditions in the North Atlantic were considered to be crusades aimed at re-conquering Greenland as a stepping stone towards India and the realm of Prester John, which was argued to be originally Danish, adding a much neglected corner to the expansion of Christendom in this period. The second part shows that the impact of crusading continued long after the Reformation ostensibly should have put an end to its viability within Protestant Denmark.
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Áeet Àfteenth century Àght Àghting archbishop argued Arild Huitfeldt army Àrst attacks battle bishop Bjørnbo bull Calixtus Catholic Christ Christendom Christian Christian IV Christiern Pedersen Christopher of Bavaria chronicle church Clavus collected conÁict Copenhagen cross crusade ideology Danes Danish kings Denmark emperor enemies Epistolæ Regis Christiani Erik Erik of Pomerania expeditions faith fought Frederik German God’s Greenland heathens Henrik historian Holstein Holy Land Holy Sepulchre Housley Hussites ibid Iceland inÀdels inÁuence Jerusalem Johannes K. V. Jensen Kalmar Union Kalteisen king’s kingdom Lausten letters of indulgence Lindbæk liturgy Lutheran Magnus Marinus Martin Luther nobles North Norway ofÀcial Ogier the Dane papal legate Paulus peace Philippe de Mézières political pope prayers preaching princes realm Reformation Rome Russians Saint Scandinavia Schleswig Seaver secular Setton Sigismund sixteenth century Skrælings soldiers speciÀc Sten Sture Sweden Swedish Teutonic Knights Turkish Turks Tyerman Valdemar Werlauff wrote