The Political Arena (1934-1961)

Front Cover
Elsevier Science, Jan 4, 2006 - Science - 778 pages
Part I is devoted to Niels Bohr's mission to promote an "open world" between nations, that is, full sharing of information in the scientific and technical, as well as in the cultural spheres the scientific and technical, as well as in the cultural spheres. He started his mission immediately upon escaping from Nazi-occupied Denmark in the autumn of 1943, when he realized that the bomb was on the way to becoming a reality. As he wrote in 1944, he considered that the existence of the atomic bomb "would not only seem to necessitate but should also, due to the urgency of mutual confidence, facilitate" the realization of an open world. During the Second World War, while being actively involved in the Allied atomic bomb project, Bohr was able to obtain access to Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt to promote his view. After the war he continued his confidential approaches to the statesmen while publishing more generally oriented articles on the issue.
Although Bohr put in as much work in appeals to the statesmen as in his other writings, they were not intended for publication. This has called for the inclusion of a greater number than in earlier volumes of the Collected Works of previously unpublished documents as well as a particularly extensive historical introduction written by the editor. The material adds up to a fascinating sotry of the political dedication and social responsibility ofone of the major scientists of the twentieth century.
Part II documents Bohr's other social and political activities, such as his long-time presidency in the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters and his promotion of the peaceful uses of atomic energy. Taking a broader approach than most of his other publications, these occasional writings, which are most often published versions of talks at public events, are particularly well suited to present Bohr to the general public, as a thinker as well as a person.



* Niels Bohr
* Open World
* Atomic Bomb Project
* Science and Politics
* Collected Works
* Archival Documents
* Original Photographs

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Contents

Introduction
3
Documents World War II
85
Speech to Danish students 7 October 1945
145
Contact with Baruch and Marshall
155
Introduction
337
Meeting on 20 October 1939 Mødet den 20 Oktober 1939 Overs Dan Vidensk
379
Meeting on 15 March 1940 Mødet den 15 Marts 1940 Overs Dan Vidensk
385
Meeting on 30 January 1942 Mødet den 30 Januar 1942 Overs Dan Vidensk
393
Speech at the Inauguration of the Institutes HighVoltage Plant 5 April 1938
520
Science and its International Significance Danish Foreign Office Journal
527
The University and Research Universitetet og Forskningen Politiken 3 June
533
XXTV Preface Forord fra Thrige 6 No 1 February 1953 24
555
Greater International Cooperation is Needed for Peace and Survival Atomic
561
The Physical Basis for Industrial Use of the Energy of the Atomic Nucleus
571
Atoms and Society Atomerne og Samfundet Den liberale venstrealmanak
609
Greeting to the Exhibition from Professor Niels Bohr Hilsen til udstillingen
633

Meeting on 19 October 1945 Mødet den 19 Oktober 1945 Overs Dan Vidensk
415
Meeting on 17 October 1947 in Commemoration of King Christian X Mødet
425
Meeting on 11 March 1949 Mødet den 11 Marts 1949 Overs Dan Vidensk
433
Meeting on 16 November 1951 Mødet den 16 November 1951 Overs
439
Establishment of the Danish National Science Foundation
446
Meeting on 2 February 1951 Mødet den 2 Februar 1951 Overs Dan Vidensk
453
Statement by Professor Niels Bohr in the current affairs programme on Danish
463
Eighth Presentation of the H C 0rsted Medal K LinderstrømLang Ottende
469
Ninth Presentation of the H C 0rsted Medal A Langseth Niende Uddeling
477
Tenth and Eleventh Presentation of the H C 0rsted Medal J A Christiansen
487
Memorial Evening for Kirstine Meyer in the Society for Dissemination of Natural
493
Scandinavian scientists the Institute and the University of Copenhagen
500
Professor Niels Bohr on Risø Professor Niels Bohr om Risø Elektroteknikeren
648
On the Problem of Measurement in Atomic Science Om Maalingsproblemet
655
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy The Scientific Monthly 82 1956 8588
667
On football cancer Israel and the Danish resistance
674
Address Broadcast on the Danish National Radio 16 October 1953 Tale
681
A Remarkable Kind ofAdventure Israels genopbygning
689
That We in Freedom May Look Forward to a Brighter
701
Appendix Selected Correspondence
705
Introduction
725
INDEX
737
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Finn Aaserud was educated in physics at the University of Oslo and in the history of science at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. He was Associate Historian at the AIP Center for History of Physics in New York before becoming Director of the Niels Bohr Archive in Copenhagen in 1989.

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