Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece
University of California Press, Jan 11, 2007 - History - 242 pages
This book presents a state-of-the-art debate about the origins of Athenian democracy by five eminent scholars. The result is a stimulating, critical exploration and interpretation of the extant evidence on this intriguing and important topic. The authors address such questions as: Why was democracy first realized in ancient Greece? Was democracy “invented” or did it evolve over a long period of time? What were the conditions for democracy, the social and political foundations that made this development possible? And what factors turned the possibility of democracy into necessity and reality? The authors first examine the conditions in early Greek society that encouraged equality and “people’s power.” They then scrutinize, in their social and political contexts, three crucial points in the evolution of democracy: the reforms connected with the names of Solon, Cleisthenes, and Ephialtes in the early and late sixth and mid-fifth century. Finally, an ancient historian and a political scientist review the arguments presented in the previous chapters and add their own perspectives, asking what lessons we can draw today from the ancient democratic experience. Designed for a general readership as well as students and scholars, the book intends to provoke discussion by presenting side by side the evidence and arguments that support various explanations of the origins of democracy, thus enabling readers to join in the debate and draw their own conclusions.
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2 Peoples Power and Egalitarian Trends in Archaic Greece
3 Revolutions and a New Order in Solonian Athens and Archaic Greece
Democracys Revolutionary Start
5 The Breakthrough of Demokratia in MidFifthCentury Athens
Contribution to a Debate
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Acropolis Alcmaeonids ancient ancient Greece archaic archons Areopagus Arist aristocratic Aristotle army assembly Athenian democracy Athens Attica authority battle Cartledge changes chap chapter Cimon citizen body citizenship civic classical Cleisthenes Cleomenes constitution council courts debate decisions Delian League deliberative demes democ democratic demokratia demos demos's discussion earlier economic Eder egalitarian elite Ephialtes equality Eupatrids Farrar fifth century fleet Fornara fourth century freedom Greece Greek Hansen Herodotus Herodotus's Homer hoplite important institutions Isagoras kratos later lawgiver leaders lower classes mass Meier military modern oligarchy Ostwald participation Peisistratus people's perhaps Pericles Persian Persian Wars Plut Plutarch poleis polis politeia political popular proposed Raaflaub revolution rhetra Rhodes role rule sixth social Solon Solon's reforms Solonian sources Spartan Spartiates status suggests thetes Thucydides traditional trans tribes tyranny tyrant uprising vote Wallace Wees zeugital