Poles, Jews, and the Politics of Nationality: The Bund and the Polish Socialist Party in Late Tsarist Russia, 1892–1914
The Jewish experience on Polish lands is often viewed backwards through the lens of the Holocaust and the ethnic rivalries that escalated in the period between the two world wars. Critical to the history of Polish-Jewish relations, however, is the period prior to World War I when the emergence of mass electoral politics in Czarist Russia led to the consolidation of modern political parties. Using sources published in Polish, Yiddish, Hebrew, and Russian, Joshua D. Zimmerman has compiled a full-length English-language study of the relations between the two dominant progressive movements in Russian Poland. He examines the Polish Socialist Party (PPS), which sought social emancipation and equal civil rights for minority nationalities, including Jews, under a democratic Polish republic, and the Jewish Labor Bund, which declared that Jews were a nation distinct from Poles and Russians and advocated cultural autonomy. By 1905, the PPS abandoned its call for Jewish assimilation, and recognized Jews as a separate nationality. Zimmerman demonstrates persuasively that Polish history in Czarist Russia cannot be fully understood without studying the Jewish influence and that Jewish history was equally infused with the Polish influence.
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2 The First Sproutings of the Jewish Socialist Movement 189095
The Spread of the Jewish Movement to Warsaw 189597
The Formation of the Jewish Labor Bund 189798
The Turn to a National Program 18991901
The First Years of the PPS Yiddish Press 18981902
The PPS and Its Jewish Section 19024
8 The 1905 Revolution in Russia and the Transformation of PPSBund Relations
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Page xv - The Julian calendar was twelve days behind the Gregorian in the nineteenth century and thirteen days behind in the twentieth century. The...
Page xii - Research for this chapter was supported in part by a grant from the International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX), with funds provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the United States Department of State, which administers the Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research Program (Title VIII).
Page 22 - The Polish Socialist Party, as the political organization of the Polish labor class, struggling for liberation from the yoke of capitalism, strives above all to overthrow the present political slavery and to obtain power for the proletariat. In this striving its aim is: An independent Democratic Republic, based on the following principles : POLITICAL 1. Direct, universal and secret suffrage, a people's legislation conceived as both sanctional and initiative; 2.