The Places Where Men Pray Together: Cities in Islamic Lands, Seventh Through the Tenth Centuries

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University of Chicago Press, 2001 - History - 572 pages
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What makes a city an economic, political, and cultural center? In The Places Where Men Pray Together, Paul Wheatley draws on two decades of astonishingly wide-ranging research to demonstrate that Islamic cities are defined by function rather than form—by what they do rather than what they are. Focusing on the roles of cities during the first four centuries of Islamic expansion, Wheatley explores interconnected cultural, historical, economic, political, and religious factors to provide the clearest and most extensively documented portrait of early Islamic urban centers available to date.

Building on the tenth-century geographer al-Maqdisi's writings on urban centers of the Islamic world, buttressed by extensive comparative material from roadbooks, topographies, histories, adab literatures, and gazetteers of the time, Wheatley identifies the main functions of different Islamic urban centers. Chapters on each of the thirteen centers that al-Maqdisi identified, ranging from the Atlantic to the Indus and from the Caspian to the Sudan, form the heart of this book. In each case Wheatley shows how specific agglomeration and accessibility factors combined to make every city functionally distinct as a creator of effective space. He also demonstrates that, far from revolutionizing every aspect of life in these cities, the adoption of Islam often affected the development of these cities less than previously existing local traditions.

The Places Where Men Pray Together is a monumental work that will speak to scholars and readers across a broad variety of disciplines, from historians, anthropologists, and sociologists to religious historians, archaeologists, and geographers.
 

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Contents

Urban Systems in the Islamic World Seventh through the Tenth Centuries
85
The Places where Men Pray Together
225
Epilogue
327
The Principal Islamic Dynasties ad 632circa 1000
339
Modern and Variant PlaceNames
343
Notes
347
Glossary
507
Bibliography
517
Index
553
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The Rise of Islam
Matthew Gordon
Limited preview - 2005

About the author (2001)

Paul Wheatley (1921-99) was the Irving B. Harris Professor Emeritus of Comparative Urban Studies at the University of Chicago. He was the author of, among others, The Pivot of the Four Quarters: A Preliminary Inquiry into the Origins and Character of the Ancient Chinese City and Nagara & Commandery: Origins of the Southeast Asian Urban Tradition.

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