The Reasonableness of Christianity: With A Discourse of Miracles, and Part of A Third Letter Concerning Toleration

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Stanford University Press, 1958 - Religion - 102 pages
4 Reviews
A new and manageable edition of Locke has been badly needed. Professor Ramsey's judicious editing of these important texts fills the need and greatly enhances the value of the texts for the modern reader. Included are The Reasonablesness of Christianity, A Discourse on Miracles, A Further Note on Miracles, and some passages from A Third letter concerning Toleration. Each work is prefaced by an introduction,giving the background of its writing and indicating its contemporary significance.

 

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User Review  - MarthaJeanne - LibraryThing

Obviously, this is out of date. A lot of advances have been made in this area in the past 40 years. However, it goes into the theory of the various ways of using power from what is freely available ... Read full review

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User Review  - chriszodrow - LibraryThing

An important read. Western Christendom was deeply affected by this book. I read it over a period of two months, while commuting for two hours a day. It is a stimulating read. Students of Medieval theology should read it in order to understand later developments. Read full review

Contents

PREFACE
6
THE REASONABLENESS OF CHRISTIANITY AS DELIVERED IN
21
A DISCOURSE OF MIRACLES
78
A FURTHER NOTE ON MIRACLES being a Selection from Chapter X
88
INDEX
101
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About the author (1958)

John Locke's works of political and social philosophy, written in the 17th century, have strongly influenced intellectuals ever since - including the founders of the United States of America. Born in 1632 in Wrington, England, Locke studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees in the late 1650's. He also studied medicine and earned a medical license. His studies led to an interest in contemporary philosophers influenced by science, such as Rene Descartes. Locke read widely among them while teaching at Christ Church over the next few years. In 1667, Locke became personal physician and adviser to Anthony Ashley Cooper, who later was appointed Earl of Shaftesbury. Through Shaftesbury's patronage, Locke earned some government posts and entered London's intellectual circles, all the while writing philosophy. He was one of the best-known European thinkers of his time when he died in 1704. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke established the philosophy of empiricism, which holds that the mind at birth is a blank tablet. Experience, Locke believed, would engrave itself upon the tablet as one grew. He felt humans should create theories according to experience and test them with experiments. This philosophy helped establish the scientific method. Locke codified the principals of liberalism in "Two Treatises of Government" (1690). He emphasized that the state must preserve its citizens' natural rights to life, liberty and property. When the state does not, Locke argued, citizens are justified in rebelling. His view of liberalism comprised limited government, featuring elected representation and legislative checks and balances. While a Christian, Locke believed in absolute separation of church and state, and he urged toleration of those whose religious views differed from the majorities.

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