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advance Archduke aristocracy army Austrian empire authority bishops Bohemia Carniola Carynthia cause character classes clergy command course court Croatia Dalmatia danger Danube discipline districts duty Emperor Joseph entirely established Europe evil exists fact favour feeling feudal feuds florins former Galicia German honour horses Hungarian Hungary imperial influence Inhaber inhabitants institutions instruction interests Italian Jews kingdom kingdom of Hungary kreutzers labour land language latter Lombardy lord Lower Austria Maria ment Metternich Military Frontiers moral Moravia nature nobles offender officers opinion pass peasant peculiar permitted person police political popular population possessed present Prince Prince Metternich principle prison privilege provinces pupils race rank received reform regards regiments regulations religion religious respect restrictions schools Sclavonian Silesia socage soldier sovereign spirit Styria superior tenant tion Total Transylvania Tyrol Upper Austria Venice Vienna Whosoever
Page 374 - there is more joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, than over ninety and nine just persons that need no repentance.
Page 283 - ... of scholastic disquisitions, and bewildered philosophy in the mazes of metaphysical jargon, began also to exert its influence on this copious and fruitful subject ; in pursuance of which the most refined and oppressive consequences were drawn from what originally was a plan of simplicity and liberty, equally beneficial to both lord and tenant, and prudently calculated for their mutual protection and defence.
Page 285 - This seems to be little more than an additional relief, but grounded upon this feudal reason ; that, by the ancient law of feuds, immediately upon the death of a vassal, the superior was entitled to enter and take seisin, or possession of the land, by way of protection against intruders...
Page 284 - It was a right which the king had, when any of his tenants in capite died, seized of a knight's fee, to receive of the heir, provided he were of full age, one whole year's profits of the lands, if they were in immediate possession, and half a year's profits, if the lands were in reversion expectant on an estate for life.
Page 168 - Then they laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost.
Page 285 - ... 4. THESE payments were only due if the heir was of full age ; but if he was under the age of twenty-one, being a male, or fourteen, being a female', the lord was entitled to the wardship of the heir, and was called the guardian in chivalry. This wardship consisted in having...
Page 286 - When the male heir arrived to the age of twenty-one, or the heir female to that of sixteen, they might sue out their livery or ousterlemain; that is, the delivery of their lands out of their guardian's hands. For this they were obliged to pay a fine, namely, half a year's profits of the land; though this seems expressly contrary to Magna Charta.
Page 285 - England, the first year's profits of his benefice, by way of primiiice, or first fruits. 4. These payments were only due if the heir was of full age ; but if he was under the age of twenty-one being a male, or fourteen being a female, the lord was entitled to the wardship of the heir, and was called the guardian in chivalry.
Page 286 - I have met with, in our own or any other law.* 6. Another attendant or consequence of tenure by knight-service was that of fines due to the lord for every alienation, .whenever the tenant had occasion to make over his land to another.
Page 284 - But though reliefs had their original while feuds were only life-estates, yet they continued after feuds became hereditary ; and were therefore looked upon, very justly, as one of the greatest grievances of tenure; especially when, at the first, they were merely arbitrary and at the will of the lord; so that, if he pleased to demand an exorbitant relief it was in effect to disinherit the heir.