Austria

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Smith, Elder, and Company, 1849 - Austria - 419 pages
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Page 374 - there is more joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, than over ninety and nine just persons that need no repentance.
Page 283 - ... of scholastic disquisitions, and bewildered philosophy in the mazes of metaphysical jargon, began also to exert its influence on this copious and fruitful subject ; in pursuance of which the most refined and oppressive consequences were drawn from what originally was a plan of simplicity and liberty, equally beneficial to both lord and tenant, and prudently calculated for their mutual protection and defence.
Page 285 - This seems to be little more than an additional relief, but grounded upon this feudal reason ; that, by the ancient law of feuds, immediately upon the death of a vassal, the superior was entitled to enter and take seisin, or possession of the land, by way of protection against intruders...
Page 284 - It was a right which the king had, when any of his tenants in capite died, seized of a knight's fee, to receive of the heir, provided he were of full age, one whole year's profits of the lands, if they were in immediate possession, and half a year's profits, if the lands were in reversion expectant on an estate for life.
Page 168 - Then they laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost.
Page 285 - ... 4. THESE payments were only due if the heir was of full age ; but if he was under the age of twenty-one, being a male, or fourteen, being a female', the lord was entitled to the wardship of the heir, and was called the guardian in chivalry. This wardship consisted in having...
Page 286 - When the male heir arrived to the age of twenty-one, or the heir female to that of sixteen, they might sue out their livery or ousterlemain; that is, the delivery of their lands out of their guardian's hands. For this they were obliged to pay a fine, namely, half a year's profits of the land; though this seems expressly contrary to Magna Charta.
Page 285 - England, the first year's profits of his benefice, by way of primiiice, or first fruits. 4. These payments were only due if the heir was of full age ; but if he was under the age of twenty-one being a male, or fourteen being a female, the lord was entitled to the wardship of the heir, and was called the guardian in chivalry.
Page 286 - I have met with, in our own or any other law.* 6. Another attendant or consequence of tenure by knight-service was that of fines due to the lord for every alienation, .whenever the tenant had occasion to make over his land to another.
Page 284 - But though reliefs had their original while feuds were only life-estates, yet they continued after feuds became hereditary ; and were therefore looked upon, very justly, as one of the greatest grievances of tenure; especially when, at the first, they were merely arbitrary and at the will of the lord; so that, if he pleased to demand an exorbitant relief it was in effect to disinherit the heir.

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