Soils are receptacles for a wide range of hazardous chemicals generated by human activities. Whether or not this contamination is deliberate, accurate toxicity assessments are important for health and economic reasons. Soil Ecotoxicology discusses the sources, fate, and transport of hazardous chemicals in soils. The fate (biodegradation and modeling) and the potential impacts of pesticides on soil ecosystems are emphasized, and methodologies for performing toxicity assessments are provided.
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acid aliphatic anaerobic Appl application aromatic assay assessment bacteria bioavailability Biochem biodegradation biological biomass bioremediation Bitton Brusseau cadmium carbofuran carbon cell Chem chemical chlorinated concentration contaminant cycling dehydrogenase activity denitrification Domsch ecological ecosystem ecotoxicity ecotoxicity tests Ecotoxicology effects endpoints Environ environmental enzymes etal evaluation exposure factors fungi genes Gestel growth heavy metals herbicide hydrocarbons hyperaccumulators increase incubation influence inhibition kinetics laboratory levels Malkomes measured mesofauna metabolism methods microbial activity microbial biomass microbial populations Microbiol Microbiological microcosm tests microflora microorganisms mineralization Morel nematodes nitrification nitrogen nutrients organic compounds organic matter oxidation parameters pesticides phase phytotoxicity plants plasmid potential processes reduced residues respiration rhizosphere root samples sediments single-species tests Soil Biol soil contamination soil microbial soil microflora soil microorganisms soil organisms solubility sorption species Straalen studies substrate terrestrial toxicity toxicity tests Toxicol trace elements transformation transport uptake xenobiotics