Always Reforming: A History of Christianity Since 1300
One of the most important slogans of the Protestant Reformation was the Latin phrase Ecclesia semper reformanda -- "the Church is always reforming". This theological principle, so central to the work of the Reformers, is the unifying theme of Craig D. Atwood's history of Christianity in the modern era.
Surveying Christianity's development over the past seven hundred years, Atwood tells the story of the demise of a unified Christendom in the face of change and division. In highly readable prose, the author spotlights Christian thinkers' repeated efforts to reform the church, as well as the divisions and frequent warfare sparked by these efforts.
The idea of reforming the church has a two-fold thrust. It means rectifying abuses or errors in the institutional church and bringing the church back into line with its original purpose. As Atwood unfolds the story, each century brought more splintering of the institutional church and more diversity within the various denominations. Reforming the church also meant reshaping the Christian religion itself to meet the demands and challenges of a new day. Christianity had to adapt or become a relic of a bygone era. For the modern period in particular, Christianity has been continually reforming and adapting to new social situations. In the process, thousands of different Christian churches have developed. Always Reforming explains the origins and development of a bewildering array of churches that have arisen since Martin Luther's reformation first tore the "seamless robe of Christ".
Arising out of the author's college teaching of modern Western religious history, the book gives special attention to women and other long-silenced voices in thehistory of Christianity. It is a vivid narrative of men and women of faith who have tried to make sense of the Christian gospel in a complex and ever-changing world.
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The Character of the Medieval Church
The Fourteenth Century Papacy
The Modern Way in Theology
Mysticism and Piety in the Late Middle Ages
Christianity in the East
The Spanish Reformation
Creating a Christian Society in the Old World and the New
Religion of the Heart
Methodism and the Great Awakening
The Nineteenth Century
Catholicism Eastern Orthodoxy and Nationalism
NineteenthCentury American Evangelicalism
The Protestant Reformation
The Reformation in Germany
The Swiss Reformation
The Radical Reformation
The Spread of the Reformation and the Wars of Religion
The Reformation in England
The Catholic and CounterReformations
The Final Wars of Religion
Religion of the Heart in the Age of Reason