Mobilizing U. S. Industry in World War II
Contents: Mobilization activities before Pearl Harbor day; education for mobilization; interwar planning for industrial mobilization; mobilizing for war: 1939-1941; the war production board; the controlled materials plan; the office of war mobilization & reconversion; U.S. production in World War II; balancing military & civilian needs; overcoming raw material scarcities; maritime construction; people mobilization: Rosie the RiveterÓ; conclusions. Appendix: production of selected munitions items; the war agencies of the Executive Branch of the Federal Government.
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Achievements Administration Advisory agencies agricultural Air Force aircraft airplanes allies allocation American Anny argues Army Army and Navy August authority Branch build Byrnes called Chiefs civilian Commission Committee Congress construction contracts COORDINATOR copper Corporation created critical December decisions demand Department direct Director Division Economic economy effective effort Emergency essential Established by Executive Executive Order February Federal force functions Germany History increased Industrial College James January Joint July June Koistinen labor Logistics major manpower manufacturing March materials military million munitions National Defense Navy needed Nelson November October Office of Production operating organization output percent period Plan plants political president Press priorities problems procurement Production Board Production Management Public quarter raw materials Reconversion requirements Resources Roosevelt rubber September ships Somers Source Staff Supply tanks Terminated transferred United University wanted War Production Board Wartime Production Washington workers World York
Page 22 - Board consists of the Assistant Secretary of War and the Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
Page 83 - ... (1) policies concerning industrial and civilian mobilization in order to assure the most effective mobilization and maximum utilization of the Nation's manpower in the event of war; (2) programs for the effective use in time of war of the Nation's natural and industrial resources for military and civilian needs, for the maintenance and stabilization of the civilian economy in time of war, and for the adjustment of such economy to war needs and conditions...
Page 72 - President concerning the coordination of military, industrial, and civilian mobilization, including — (1) policies concerning industrial and civilian mobilization in order to assure the most effective mobilization and maximum utilization of the Nation's manpower in the event of war...
Page 76 - That in order to aid in the effective prosecution of the war, the President is authorized and directed, on or before November 1, 1942, to issue a general order stabilizing prices, wages, and salaries, affecting the cost of living; and, except as otherwise provided in this Act, such stabilization shall so far as practicable be on the basis of the levels which existed on September 15, 1942.
Page 84 - President, shall formulate and develop a comprehensive national economic policy relating to the control of civilian purchasing power, prices, rents, wages, salaries, profits, rationing, subsidies, and all related matters — all for the purpose of preventing avoidable increases in the cost of living, cooperating in minimizing the unnecessary migration of labor from one business, industry, or region to another, and facilitating the prosecution of the war.
Page 55 - As we get guns to the patriots in those lands, they too will fire shots heard "round the world." This production of ours in the United States must be raised far above its present levels, even though it will mean the dislocation of the lives and occupations of millions of our own people. We must raise our sights all along the production line. Let no man say it cannot be done. It must be done — and we have undertaken to do it. I have just sent a letter of directive to the appropriate departments...
Page 72 - Corporation; Reconstruction Finance Corporation; Defense Plant Corporation; Defense Supplies Corporation; Metals Reserve Company; Rubber Reserve Company...
Page 56 - all-out" war by individual effort and family effort in a united country. Only this all-out scale of production will hasten the ultimate all-out victory. Speed will count. Lost ground can always be regained — lost time never. Speed will save lives; speed will save this nation which is in peril ; speed will save our freedom and civilization — and slowness has never been an American characteristic.