## Anticipatory systems: philosophical, mathematical, and methodological foundations |

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### Contents

Preliminaries | 1 |

Natural and Formal Systems | 45 |

The Modelling Relation | 89 |

Copyright | |

7 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

abstract adaptive analogous anticipatory systems arising axioms basic behavior bifurcation biological called cartesian product causality Chapter characterize complex concept consider constitutive parameters corresponding defined definite described developed diagram differential discrepancy discussion dynamical system elements encoding entirely entropy equations of motion equilibrium equivalence classes equivalence relation error essential establish Euclidean example expressed fact formal system function functor genome geometry Hamiltonian hence ideas imposed initial input instant interaction involves Ising model kind Let us suppose linkage relations logical mapping mathematical metaphor meter modelling relation n-tuple natural system neuron Newtonian noted observables organism output paradigm particles particular percepts pertaining phase space phenotype physical precisely predictive model properties propositions qualities question rates of change real numbers regarded represent seen selection mechanism senescence sense simple situation specific stability statistical mechanics structure subsystems temporal theorem theory thermodynamic topological spaces trajectories transformation values variables