On Her Their Lives Depend: Munitions Workers in the Great War
In this evocative book, Angela Woollacott analyzes oral histories, workers' writings, newspapers, official reports, and factory song lyrics to present an intimate view of women munitions workers in Britain during World War I.
Munitions work offered working-class women—for the first time—independence, a reliable income, even an improved standard of living. But male employers and trade unionists brought them face-to-face with their subordination as women within their own class, while experiences with middle-class women co-workers and police reminded them of their status as working class.
Woollacott sees the woman munitions worker as a powerful symbol of modernity who challenged the gender order through her patriotic work and challenged class differences through her increased spending power, mobility, and changing social behavior.
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The Heterogeneity of Women Workers Mixing and Mobility
Industrial Work Is Good for Women Health Welfare Deaths and Injuries
Status and Experience as Workers
High Wages and Premature Liberty Wages Autonomy and Public Censure
Off the Job Leisure Socializing and Sex
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areas Britain British canteen clothes clubs cordite coworkers cultural Daily despite domestic service earning effort employed employers employment engineering England example experience explosion fact February female feminist Filling Factory gender Gretna hostels Imperial War Museum increased January July Labour Lady large numbers leaving certificates leisure lives lodgings London male March Mary men's middle-class women Ministry of Munitions Munition Girl munitions factories munitions job munitions tribunals National November number of women nurseries organizations patriotic percent Pioneer prewar rates recreation Report role September 1917 sexual shells shifts skilled social Society soldiers suffrage Tommy's sister Trade Union University Press unskilled upper-class women wages wartime week welfare supervisors woman Woman's Dreadnought Women in Industry women munitions workers women patrols women police women workers Women's Land Army Women's Work Collection Woolwich Arsenal working-class working-class women World young women YWCA
Page 21 - Louise A. Tilly and Joan W. Scott, Women, Work, and Family (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978), and Gay L. Gullickson, "The Sexual Division of Labor in Cottage Industry and Agriculture in the Pays de Caux: Auffay, 1750-1850," French Historical Studies 12 (Fall 1981): 177-99.
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Women's History: Britain, 1850-1945 : an Introduction
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