Disabilities and the Disabled in the Roman World: A Social and Cultural History
Almost fifteen per cent of the world's population today experiences some form of mental or physical disability and society tries to accommodate their needs. But what was the situation in the Roman world? Was there a concept of disability? How were the disabled treated? How did they manage in their daily lives? What answers did medical doctors, philosophers and patristic writers give for their problems? This book, the first monograph on the subject in English, explores the medical and material contexts for disability in the ancient world, and discusses the chances of survival for those who were born with a handicap. It covers the various sorts of disability: mental problems, blindness, deafness and deaf-muteness, speech impairment and mobility impairment, and includes discussions of famous instances of disability from the ancient world, such as the madness of Emperor Caligula, the stuttering of Emperor Claudius and the blindness of Homer.
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Chapter 1 Conception Birth and the Crucial First Days
Sane or Insane?
Chapter 3 Blindness a Fate Worse Than Death?
A Silent Story
History of Pain and Toil
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According afflictions ancient authors ancient historians ancient physicians appears Aretaeus Aristotle Augustine baby Bendz birth blind Caelius Aurelianus Caligula Celsus century child Christian Cicero Claudius concept congenital context crippled Croesus culture deaf deaf-mute deformed Demosthenes Digest disease emperor Esser example father Galen Gevaert Godderis Goodey and Rose Gourevitch Greek Gregory of Tours handicaps healing Herodotus Hippocrates Hippocratic Homer humour impairments infants insanity intellectual disabilities interpretation Justinian Kellenberger Kühn Laes lame late antiquity Latin literature Littré lives locis affectis mania Medicine melancholia mental disorders mentioned monster mute Natural History Nevertheless obviously offer orator overview papyri parents particularly passage patient philosopher phrenitis physical Pliny the Elder Plutarch possible problems Pseudo-Herodotus reference regard remarkable Seneca Seneca the Elder slaves social society sources speech defect story stuttering Suetonius suffered Tardarum passionum texts tongue tradition trans Ulpian Vatinius words write young Zercon