Abortion: Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - Political Science - 154 pages
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Abortion is one of the most compelling public policy issues facing government and the public in the United States today. Most societies have enacted laws and statutes regarding abortion, and most societies have strong feelings regarding birth control and abortion. But the legal statutes and attitudes follow markedly different approaches. Simon examines how this issue is being faced in the United States, Canada, a sample of Western and Eastern European countries, Middle Eastern, African, and Latin American societies, and, among Asian countries, Japan, China, and India, along with Australia.

After a brief historical introduction, Simon examines the legal statutes pertaining to abortion in the selected countries and then reviews public attitudes toward abortion based on responses to national public opinion polls. She concludes by discussing the relationships between the laws and statutes pertaining to abortion and the nations' policies vis-^D`a-vis population growth and control. Abortion is the first volume in a series that will examine major public policy issues using an explicitly comparative approach. Each will serve as a handbook for students, researchers, and scholars, containing basic empirical data and comprehensive references on the social issue or practice under examination.

 

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Contents

2 Abortion statutes in Selective Countries Worldwide
9
3 Public Opinion about Abortion
55
4 Abortion Statutes and Population Policies
135
5 Concluding Comment
143

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Page 7 - Therefore from the moment of its conception life must be guarded with the greatest care, while abortion and infanticide are unspeakable crimes.
Page 10 - Nazi ideals demand that the practice of abortion . . . shall be exterminated with a strong hand. Women inflamed by Marxist propaganda, claim the right to bear children only when they desire. First furs, radio, new furniture, then perhaps one...
Page 7 - ... immediate threat to the woman's life. With these reservations stated, therapeutic abortion to save the mother from immediate danger was permitted; the intention to save her own life must predominate; only some means were permitted. The balance struck by the casuists and now set out by St. Alphonsus treated the embryo's life as less than absolute, but only the value of the mother's life was given greater weight.4 However, while there was a tendency among moral theologians to find exceptions to...
Page 10 - you want to force women out of professions." No, I only want to create to the greatest extent the possibility of founding a family and having children because our folk needs them above all things.21 The Fiihrerin Frau Scholtz-Klink concurred with a docile def1nition that the only work of the German woman is to serve the German male— "to minister in the home...

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About the author (1998)

RITA J. SIMON is Professor of Justice at American University. She has written extensively on law, justice, and societal issues. Among her earlier publications are In the Golden Land: A Century of Russian and Soviet Jewish Immigration (Praeger, 1997) and Rabbis, Lawyers, Immigrants, Thieves: Women's Roles in America (Praeger, 1993).

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