The Fragile "we": Ethical Implications of Heidegger's Being and Time
Critics have charged that Heidegger's account of authenticity is morally nihilistic, that his fundamental ontology is either egocentric or chauvinistic; and many see Heidegger's turn to Nazism in 1933 as following logically from an indifference, and even hostility, to "otherness" in the premises of his early philosophy.
In The Fragile "We": Ethical Implications of Heidegger's "Being and Time," Lawrence Vogel presents three interpretations of authentic existence--the existentialist, the historicist, and the cosmopolitan--each of which is a plausible version of the personal ideal depicted in Being and Time. He then draws parallels between these interpretations and three moments in the contemporary liberal-communitarian debate over the relationship of the "I" and the "We." His book contributes both to a diagnosis of what there is about Being and Time that invites moral nihilism and to a sense of how fundamental ontology might be recast so that "the other" is accorded an appropriate place in an account of human existence.
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anxiety appropriate authentic Dasein authentic existence authentic individual authentic self-relation average everydayness basis Being-in-the-world Being-unto-death Being-with-Others Buber choice claims commitments communitarian conception condition context COSMOPOLITAN INTERPRETATION criticism cultural Dasein death demand destiny Emil Fackenheim encounter ends-in-themselves essential evaluative everyday evil exis existential EXISTENTIALIST INTERPRETATION face Fackenheim facticity finitude FRAGILE freedom-unto-death fundamental ethics fundamental ontology ground groundless Guignon guilt Heidegger Heidegger's account heritage hermeneutic historical situation historicism historicist HISTORICIST INTERPRETATION horizon human existence ideal impersonal imply inauthentic insofar interpretation of authenticity Karl Lowith Karsten Harries leap leaping-ahead liberating solicitude Marjorie Grene Martin Buber Martin Heidegger means metaphysical moral conscience moral nihilism moral responsibility Nazism nihilism norms objective obligation one's freedom oneself other's ownmost particular person perspective philosophy possibilities present-at-hand primordial radical rational relation relationship Richard Wolin Sartre self-responsibility sense Sherover social stands tence things tion tradition transcend transhistorical truth universal values