Building Jaipur: The Making of an Indian City
Reaktion Books, 2002 - Architecture - 197 pages
Jaipur, in Rajasthan, is one of India’s most famous cities, and is renowned for its palaces and museums, its craft traditions and its distinctive pink shops and houses. A planned city within walls, it was built in pre-modern times according to a distinctive Indian theory of architecture known as vastu vidya. As architecture subsequently developed in India, in response to British and latterly post-colonial policies, this system became increasingly marginalized and fragmented, decreasingly practiced and understood. Taking Jaipur as a test case, the authors use this lost tradition to explain historic Indian buildings according to the rationale of their original architects.
The authors also examine the place of traditional architectural theory in a modern context – Post-Modern architecture in India has often sought to recapture a spirit of the past, and yet been reluctant to engage with traditional theory. By chronicling the gradual eclipse of Indian architectural theory, the authors explain how this reluctance arose; they also describe the need and the terms for a fresh engagement with it. The result is an architectural biography of a city, and a concise history of Indian architectural theory over the last 300 years.
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Amber approach architects architectural aspects attempt authority British building built capital central centre century colour common complex concept construction context continued court courtyard Delhi described developed direction divisions drawing early east elements especially established example facing followed four front functions further gates given ground Hall Hawa Mahal historical ideas illus Indian Jacob Jaipur JSPWD report king knowledge known later logic London Mahal Maharaja major mandala matter means measured methods Mughal Museum offered original palace past period practice present principles projects Rajput ranges regional road roof royal rules Sawai Jai Singh shastra shastric side space square streets structure style success suggested temple texts theory town traditional types vastu vidya wall Western width