Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences

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SUNY Press, Jan 1, 1988 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 232 pages
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This book expands the concept of the nature of science and provides a practical research alternative for those who work with people and organizations.

Using literary criticism, philosophy, and history, as well as recent developments in the cognitive and social sciences, Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences shows how to use research information organized by the narrative form--such information as clinical life histories, organizational case studies, biographic material, corporate cultural designs, and literary products. The relationship between the narrative format and classical and statistical and experimental designs is clarified and made explicit. Suggestions for doing research are given as well as criteria for judging the accuracy and quality of narrative research results.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The study of narrative meaning
6
The plan of the book
11
Narrative Expression
13
The pervasiveness of narratives
14
Suppositions about human experience
15
The narrative scheme
17
Narrative and language
22
Written narratives and point of view
94
Reception theory
96
Psychology and Narrative
101
Selfnarrative
105
Narrative competence
107
Lifespan development
114
Freudian psychoanalysis and narrative
119
Organizational consultation
122

Narrative as discourse
31
Narrative expression
36
History and Narrative
37
Analytic philosophy and history
43
Narrative and French historiography
56
History as explanatory discourse
57
History as narrative discourse
59
Historical narratives
62
Ricoeur on narrative and history
64
Literature and Narrative
71
Prestructural American criticism
72
Structuralism and narrative
79
Human Existence and Narrative
125
Narrative and temporality
126
Action and narrative
135
Narrative and the self
146
Practice and Narrative
157
Research with narrative
161
Psychotherapy
178
Conclusion
183
Notes
185
References
215
Index
229
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About the author (1988)

Donald E. Polkinghorne is Emeritus Professor and Chair of Counseling Psychology at the Rossier School of Education at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Methodology for the Human Sciences: Systems of Inquiry and Practice and the Human Sciences: The Case for a Judgment-Based Practice of Care, both also published by SUNY Press. 

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