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allow barbaric commercialism basic fund become benefit buyers capital Caveat Emptor Caveat Venditor Chief Justice citizens civilized commercialism combination common carriers common law competition competitors contract corporations criminal customers dealer demand for money economic corpses effect efficient evil exchange fixed followed ghouls Greece hard high trades increase individual injury interstate commerce clause judges jury labor land less liberty maleficent manufacture means mercialism merely method middle class monopolistic monopoly natural natural monopolies necessary ness never oppression panic person plaintiffs in error police power portunity present system principle production profit prohibited proper protect public interest race suicide railroad reason regulation remain remedy restraint of trade result Roman Rome rule sell seller Sherman act Sherman law social society specta statute supply Supreme Court things tion trust unfair wages wealth wholesaler wrong
Page 231 - It is the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the constitution.
Page 224 - It may be put forth in aid of what is sanctioned by usage, or held by the prevailing morality or strong and preponderant opinion to be greatly and immediately necessary to the public welfare.
Page 210 - For, the very idea that one man may be compelled to hold his life, or the means of living, or any material right essential to the enjoyment of life, at the mere will of another, seems to be intolerable in any country where freedom prevails, as being the essence of slavery itself.
Page 247 - ... these plaintiffs in error do not. They stand, to use again the language of their counsel, in the very "gateway of commerce," and take toll from all who pass.
Page 223 - It is free to recognize degrees of harm, and it may confine its restrictions to those classes of cases where the need is deemed to be clearest. As has been said, it may 'proceed cautiously, step by step,' and 'if an evil is specially experienced in a particular branch of business' it is not necessary that the prohibition 'should be couched in all-embracing terms.
Page 242 - Property does become clothed with a public interest when used in a manner to make it of public consequence, and affect the community at large. When, therefore, one devotes his property to a use in which the public has an interest, he, in effect, grants to the public an interest in that use, and must submit to be controlled by the public for the common good, to the extent of the interest he has thus created.
Page 247 - Neither is it a matter of any moment that no precedent can be found for a statute precisely like this. It is conceded that the business is one of recent origin, that its growth has been rapid, and that it is already of great importance. And it must also be conceded that it is a business in which the whole pubh'c has a direct and positive interest.
Page 116 - ... restraint of trade'' should be given a meaning which would not destroy the individual right to contract and render difficult if not impossible any movement of trade in the channels of interstate commerce—the free movement of which it was the purpose of the statute to protect.
Page 107 - A monopoly is an institution, or allowance by the king by his grant, commission, or otherwise to any person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, of or for the sole buying, selling, making, working, or using of anything, whereby any person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, are sought to be restrained of any freedom or liberty that they had before, or hindered in their lawful trade (3 Inst.