Remus: A Roman Myth
Romulus founded Rome - but why does the myth give him a twin brother Remus, who is killed at the moment of the foundation? This mysterious legend has been oddly neglected. Roman historians ignore it as irrelevant to real history; students of myth concentrate on the more glamorous mythology of Greece. In this book, Professor Wiseman provides, for the first time, a detailed analysis of all the variants of the story, and a historical explanation for its origin and development. His conclusions offer important new insights, both into the history and ideology of pre-imperial Rome and into the methods and motives of myth-creation in a non-literate society. In the richly unfamiliar Rome of Pan, Hermes and Circe the witch-goddess, where a general grows miraculous horns and prophets demand human sacrifice, Remus stands for the unequal struggle of the many against the powerful few.
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A too familiar story THE FABIAN NARRATIVE
DE REMO ET ROMULO
CONCORD OR DISCORD?
THE DEATH OF REMUS
THE OGULNIAN MONUMENT
The Lupercalia CERMALUS AND LUPERCAL
RITUAL AND MYTH
SCHULZE AND AFTER
BACK TO POLITICS
ALFÖLDI AND AFTER
Multiform and manifold THE PRIMAL TWIN
When and where ONE AND A HALF MILLENNIA
A TEST CASE
What the Greeks said MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY
THE FIRST CONTACT
THE DESCENDANTS OF CIRCE
THE END OF INNOCENCE
WHERE ARE THE TWINS?
THE PROMATHION VERSION
Italian evidence SHEWOLVES AND LIONESSES
The life and death of Remus EQUALS
REMUS THE SLOW
A NECESSARY DEATH
THE CREATION PERIOD
The uses of a myth PRELITERATE ROME
The other Rome IMPERIAL PRECONCEPTIONS
AN UNFAMILIAR CITY
Versions of the foundation of Rome
Aeneas Alba Alfbldi Amulius ancient archaic augury contest Augustine CD Augustus authors Aventine Bona Dea brother called Capitoline Circe Circus Maximus consul context cult daughter death of Remus Diodorus Dion Dionysius Ennius eponym Etruscan Evander evidence explain Fabius Pictor Faunus Faustulus Festus Festus Paulus FGrH Ficus Ruminalis foundation legend foundation story founded founder fourth century goddess Greek Hesiodic historian honour identified implies Italy Jupiter Lares late later Latin Latium Licinius Livy Lupercal Lupercalia Lycophron Lydus Macer Momigliano Mommsen myth mythology Naevius narrative Niebuhr Numitor Odysseus origins Ovid Fasti Palatine patrician plebeian Pliny NH Plut Plutarch Polybius Propertius Puhvel Quirinus Remuria Remus and Romulus Rhome Rhomos Rhomylos ritual Roma Roman Rome second century Servius she-wolf sixth century sources suckling Telegony temple third century BC Tiber tradition Trojan twins story variants Varro Wiseman Zonaras