Peter Lang, 2010 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 419 pages
Multilinguals are not multiple monolinguals. Yet multilingual assessment proceeds through monolingual norms, as if fair conclusions were possible in the absence of fair comparison. In addition, multilingualism concerns what people do with language, not what languages do to people. Yet research focus remains on multilinguals' languages, as if languages existed despite their users. This book redresses these paradoxes. Multilingual scholars, teachers and speech-language clinicians from Europe, Asia, Australia and the US contribute the first studies dedicated to multilingual norms, those found in real-life multilingual development, assessment and use. Readership includes educators, clinicians, decision-makers and researchers interested in multilingualism.
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Multilingualism language norms and multilingual contexts
Multilingualism and Language Norming
Independent multilingualism normative assessments
Multilingual Child Language Development
Early phonological development in the speech
Are three or more languages really too much to handle?
Multilingual infant vocabulary development in Singapore
Home and School Language Uses in Multilingual Contexts
Mother tongue or literacy bridge? Towards multilingual
Learning to read in multilingual contexts
Language Assessment in Multilingual Contexts
Assessing lexical development in Bilingual First
The development of the Singapore English
Assessing multilingual children in multilingual clinics
Afterword The nature of linguistic norms
Singing the same tune? Prosodic norming
Norms for pronunciation of English in Singapore
13 months 20 months Action Picture Test analysis assessment bilingual children Brebner Cantonese chapter chil Child Language Chinese clinical clinicians codeswitching coding communicative compared comparison competence consonant cultural developmental dialects diglossia double language measures Dutch Dutch and French Education in Singapore example exposure grammar guage gual Gupta heritage speakers Hokkien home language Houwer infants interaction Journal of Child language acquisition language development language disorder language sample language(s lexical lingual linguistic Luxembourgish Malay Mandarin monolingual children monolingual norms mother tongue multilingual children multilingual motherese norm-referenced tests Oller parents Pearson percentile phoneme phonological awareness population Portuguese prosodic Renfrew Action Picture reported scores second language Singapore Colloquial English Singapore English Singapore Standard Singaporean children single language measures Singlish SLTs Spanish speech acquisition speech-language spoken standard standardised syllable Teochew therapists tion tone total vocabulary utterances variety vowels word production yes yes yes