Multilingual Norms

Front Cover
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Peter Lang, 2010 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 419 pages
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Multilinguals are not multiple monolinguals. Yet multilingual assessment proceeds through monolingual norms, as if fair conclusions were possible in the absence of fair comparison. In addition, multilingualism concerns what people do with language, not what languages do to people. Yet research focus remains on multilinguals' languages, as if languages existed despite their users. This book redresses these paradoxes. Multilingual scholars, teachers and speech-language clinicians from Europe, Asia, Australia and the US contribute the first studies dedicated to multilingual norms, those found in real-life multilingual development, assessment and use. Readership includes educators, clinicians, decision-makers and researchers interested in multilingualism.
 

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Contents

Multilingualism language norms and multilingual contexts
1
Multilingualism and Language Norming
19
Independent multilingualism normative assessments
33
Multilingual Child Language Development
53
Early phonological development in the speech
73
Are three or more languages really too much to handle?
95
Multilingual infant vocabulary development in Singapore
113
Home and School Language Uses in Multilingual Contexts
141
Mother tongue or literacy bridge? Towards multilingual
215
Learning to read in multilingual contexts
237
Language Assessment in Multilingual Contexts
251
Assessing lexical development in Bilingual First
279
The development of the Singapore English
323
Assessing multilingual children in multilingual clinics
343
Afterword The nature of linguistic norms
397
IndexGlossary
405

Singing the same tune? Prosodic norming
173
Norms for pronunciation of English in Singapore
195

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2010)

The Editor: Madalena Cruz-Ferreira, Ph.D. in Linguistics, University of Manchester (UK) is an independent researcher on multilingualism, child language, phonology and intonation, and the language of science. Recent publications include books on child trilingualism, introductory linguistics and English grammar.

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