Aristotelian Logic

Front Cover
This book provides detailed treatment of topics in traditional logic: the theory of terms; the theory of definition; the informal fallacies; and division and classification.

Aristotelian Logic teaches techniques for solving semantic problems problems caused by confusion over terminology. It teaches the theory of definition the different kinds of definition and the criteria by which each is judged. It also teaches that definitions are like tools in that some are better suited for a particular task than others.

Several chapters are devoted to informal fallacies. A new classification is given for them, and the concept of proof is presented, without which some of the traditional informal fallacies cannot be explained adequately. Another chapter is devoted to division and classification, which occurs in all of the sciences.

Other topics covered include the square of opposition, immediate inferences, and the syllogistic and chain arguments.
 

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Contents

Propositions
23
Logical Form and Counterexamples
37
Definition
43
Division and Classification
129
The Traditional Square of Opposition
155
Existential Presuppositions of Aristotelian Logic
179
Distribution of Terms in Categorical Propositions
189
Conversion
205
Standardizing Categorical Propositions
339
The Enthymeme
359
The Antilogism for NPair Arguments
367
The Hypothetical Syllogism
373
The Disjunctive Syllogism
383
The Dilemma
395
Proof and Fallacies
409
Linguistic Fallacies
423

Definitions
265
A Deductive System of the Standard Syllogism 27 I
271
2 Rules of the Standard Syllogism
291
Chain Arguments Including Sorites
309
Reducing the Number of Terms in Arguments 3
319
Singular Propositions
329
Contextual Fallacies
443
Illicit Appeals
463
From Aristotelian to Symbolic Logic
491
Index
537
215
542
Copyright

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About the author

William T. Parry was Professor of Philosophy at State University of New York at Buffalo.

Edward A. Hacker is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Northeastern University.

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