This book provides detailed treatment of topics in traditional logic: the theory of terms; the theory of definition; the informal fallacies; and division and classification.
Aristotelian Logic teaches techniques for solving semantic problems problems caused by confusion over terminology. It teaches the theory of definition the different kinds of definition and the criteria by which each is judged. It also teaches that definitions are like tools in that some are better suited for a particular task than others.
Several chapters are devoted to informal fallacies. A new classification is given for them, and the concept of proof is presented, without which some of the traditional informal fallacies cannot be explained adequately. Another chapter is devoted to division and classification, which occurs in all of the sciences.
Other topics covered include the square of opposition, immediate inferences, and the syllogistic and chain arguments.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Logical Form and Counterexamples
Division and Classiﬁcation
The Traditional Square of Opposition
Existential Presuppositions of Aristotelian Logic
Distribution of Terms in Categorical Propositions
Standardizing Categorical Propositions
The Antilogism for NPair Arguments
The Hypothetical Syllogism
The Disjunctive Syllogism
Proof and Fallacies
A Deductive System of the Standard Syllogism 27 I
2 Rules of the Standard Syllogism
Chain Arguments Including Sorites
Reducing the Number of Terms in Arguments 3
Other editions - View all
affirmative Amphiboly animals antecedent antilogistic triad appeal appeal to pity argument form Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s asserts audience authority begging the question called categorical syllogism cats chain argument classiﬁcation conclusion consequent constructive dilemma context contradictory contrapositive conversion deﬁned deﬁniendum deﬁnition dilemma discrete term disjunctive syllogism distinct distributed division dogs entails enthymeme equivalent example Exercises for Chapter expert fallacy false figure ﬁrst formal fallacy formally valid genus gism given hence hypothetical proposition hypothetical syllogism iffi illicit metabasis immediate inference inconsistent indirect reduction intended invalid logicians major premiss mammals meaning middle term minor mixed hypothetical syllogism modus tollens negative non-P non-S number of terms objects obverse opinion person ponens predicate term proof proved quantifier question-begging relation rules sentence singular term Socrates sorites species square of opposition standard categorical propositions standard syllogism subaltern subcontraries subject term subterm thesis things tion undistributed universal valid argument valid syllogistic form wombat