Pulmonary Physiology identifies concepts rather than facts, to foster understanding rather than memorization. Each chapter clearly states the learning objectives then encourages self-instruction of the information presented. Students will know what they are expected to learn before reading a chapter. Study questions at the end of the book allow students to test their understanding of the key concepts presented.
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Function Structure of the Respiratory System
PressureVolume Relationships in the Respiratory System
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40 mm Hg acid acid-base airflow airways resistance altitude alveolar elastic recoil alveolar P0 alveolar pressure alveolar ventilation alveolar-capillary barrier alveoli anatomic dead space arterial blood arterial chemoreceptors body breathing buffer carbon dioxide carbon monoxide cardiac output cause cells cerebrospinal fluid chest wall compliance correct answer decreased diffusing capacity disease effects erythrocytes exercise forced expiration functional residual capacity gas exchange gases hemoglobin hydrogen ion hypoxia hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction intrapleural intrapleural pressure lower lung volumes mechanisms metabolic acidosis mixed venous blood mL blood mL of blood neurons normal obstruction occurs oxygen oxygen content oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve partial pressure patient physiologic plasma pulmonary artery pulmonary artery pressure pulmonary blood flow pulmonary circulation pulmonary surfactant receptors recoil pressure reflex regions Reproduced with permission reserve volume respiration respiratory system result shown in Figure shunt small airways spirometer surface area tidal volume tissues transmural pressure gradient ventilation-perfusion ratios