Sport as Symbol: Images of the Athlete in Art, Literature and Song
Upon first consideration, sport and art seem to occupy separate, even opposing, realms--sport, associated with physical prowess, and art, with the highest reaches of the human mind. But because sport is such a powerful metaphor for so many human experiences, it has found its way into artistic traditions all over the world.
Part One of this book provides a basic understanding of sport as symbol. Part Two gives attention to animals as adversaries and traces the origins of sporting art back to the hunt. Part Three considers humans competing against humans in combat sports, ball games, stick-and-ball games, and racquet sports, as well as in warfare. Part Four concentrates on contesting with oneself in races and sports of grace and beauty such as gymnastics, figure skating and ice dancing. The book concludes with a discussion of the athlete's relationships to society.
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Ainu American animals arrow artist associated athletes ball games baseball battle bear bear-baiting Bodhidharma body Brahman Buddha Buddhist bull sacriﬁce bull-baiting bullﬁght buzkashi Celts century ceremonial chariot combat sports conﬂict contest death deer deﬁned depicted describes di›erent e›ort emperor Enkidu Epic of Gilgamesh event evil expressed father female Ferdowsi festivals ﬁeld ﬁght ﬁghters ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂag forest Gilgamesh goddess gods Greek hero Hindu horse human hunt hunter Ibid Jeet Kune Ji Guang killed king king’s linked male martial arts metaphor Mithra Mithraism mountain myth nature o›ered o‡cials Oenopion Olympics one’s opponent Persian peyote play players poem polo quest race Raramuri reﬂects religious represents Rg Veda ritual Roman Rostam sacred sexuality Shaolin monastery signiﬁcance skill soccer social order story su›ering surﬁng symbolic Tantra themes tournament tradition transcendence transformed warfare warriors wild Wing Chun woman women wrestler wrestling Ysbaddaden