American Medical Botany: Being a Collection of the Native Medicinal Plants of the United States, Containing Their Botanical History and Chemical Analysis, and Properties and Uses in Medicine, Diet and the Arts, with Coloured Engravings, Volumes 1-3
The importance of Jacob Bigelow's American Medical Botany, being a Collection of the Native Medicinal Plants of the United States, lies in its illustrations. Along with William Barton's Vegetable Materia Medica, publication of which was almost simultaneous, Bigelow's book was one of the first two American botanical books with colored illustrations. More significantly, Bigelow's work was the first book published in the United States to have plates printed in colors. Like Barton, Bigelow originally intended to illustrate his massive work in traditional fashion with hand-colored copperplates, hiring the engraver William B. Annin and numerous colorists to produce the plates for Vol. I, part 1. But, finding this process too slow and expensive, Bigelow searched for a method that would allow the swift and easy application of color directly onto the plate, as well as allow rapid cleaning of the plate between impressions. Richard Wolfe showed that Bigelow turned to a printing process involving etched stone, a technique developed in Europe shortly before Alois Senefelder's invention of lithography in 1795-1796; it is likely, however, that Bigelow and his engravers discovered this technique independently, as printing from stone was little known in America at this time. --
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American Medical Botany: Being a Collection of the Native Medicinal Plants ...
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acid acrid acrimony acuminate acute alcohol American anthers appears astringent bark berries bitter boiling BOTANICAL REFERENCES botanists bractes branches calyx Capsule cathartic celled character Cicuta maculata colour common Conium corolla decoction diaphoretic disease distilled doses drachm effect efficacy emetic employed erect Euphorbia Euphorbia corollata extract fertile flowers filaments five fleshy frequently fruit gallic acid genus Germ Ginseng grains green ground grow hairy infusion instances ipecacuanha jive juice Juss lanceolate leafets leaves Linnseus magnified MEDICAL REFERENCES medicine Michaux mucilage muriate narcotic natural order nausea oblong obtuse operation ounce oval ovate petals petioles physicians plant PLATE poison Polygala senega portion precipitate produced properties Pursh Pyrola quantity racemes rendered resin Rhus vernix root roundish seeds segments sessile shrub smooth species stalks stamens stem stigma stomach Stramonium style substance sulphate of iron symptoms tannin taste tincture tion Tobacco tonic tree umbels vegetable volatile vomiting
Page 135 - The gas was collected, and found to be a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, in the proportion of three parts of the former to one of the latter.
Page 201 - Bacon; and some of them eat plentifully of it, the effect of which was a very pleasant comedy; for they turned natural fools upon it for several days: one would blow up a feather in the air; another would dart straws at it with much fury; and another stark naked was sitting up in a corner, like a monkey...
Page 24 - Whether the Indians can so prepare that stupifying herb, Datura, that they make it lie several days, months, years, according as they will have it, in a man's body, without doing him any hurt, and at the end kill him without missing half an hour's time?
Page 201 - ... a fourth would fondly kiss and paw his companions, and sneer in their faces with a countenance more antic than any in a Dutch doll.
Page 29 - ... hours after exposure, and are commonly at the height on the fourth or fifth day, after which desquamation begins to take place, and the distress in most instances to diminish. Sometimes the eruption is less general, and confines itself to the part which has been exposed to contact with the poison. The symptoms of this malady, though often highly distressing, are rarely fatal. I have, nevertheless, been told of cases in which death appeared to be the consequence of the poison.
Page 55 - Red cedar being substituted for those of the Savin. When properly prepared by boiling the fresh leaves for a short time in about twice their weight of lard with the addition of a little wax, a cerate is formed of peculiar efficacy as a perpetual epispastic. When applied as a dressing to a newly vesicated surface, and afterwards repeated twice a day, it rarely fails to keep up the discharge for an indefinite length of time. Under its operation, the discharge...
Page 92 - Serpentaria in a pint of boiling Water, for two hours, in a covered vessel, and strain.
Page 204 - only when you have drank the poison, yon are to walk about until a heaviness takes place in your legs. Then lie down. This is all you have to do." At the same time he presented him the cup. Socrates received it from him with great calmness, without fear or change of countenance, and regarding the man with his usual stern aspect, he asked, " What say you of this potion ? Is it lawful to sprinkle any portion of it on the earth as a libation, or not ?" " We only bruise," said the man, " as much as...
Page 77 - Magnolia grandiflora; the land on which they stand is an exact level: the surface a shallow, loose, black mould, on a stratum of stiff, yellowish clay. These trees were about twelve feet high, spreading horizontally; their limbs meeting and interlocking with each other, formed one vast, shady, cool grove, so dense and humid as to exclude the sun-beams...
Page 172 - III., their efficacy as a general narcotic, when introduced into the stomach, has been investigated. Dr. Maton observed, that besides allaying pain and producing sleep, the preparation of hops reduces the frequency of the pulse, and increases its firmness in a very direct manner. One drachm of the tincture and four grains of the extract, given once in six hours, reduced the pulsations, in twenty- four hours, from ninety-six to sixty...