Linking Higher Education and Economic Development: Implications for Africa from Three Successful Systems
Finland, South Korea and the state of North Carolina in the United States are three systems that successfully have harnessed higher education in their economic development initiatives. Common to the success of all these systems is, amongst others, the link between economic and education planning, quality public schooling, high tertiary participation rates with institutional differentiation, labour market demand, cooperation and networks, and consensus about the importance of higher education for development. Linking higher education and economic development: Implications for Africa from three successful systems draws together evidence on the three systems, synthesises the key findings, and distils the implications for African countries. The project on which the book is based forms part of a larger study on Universities and Economic Development in Africa, undertaken by the Higher Education Research and Advocacy Network in Africa (HERANA). HERANA is co-ordinated by the Centre for Higher Education Transformation in South Africa.
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CHAPTER 1 Synthesis
CHAPTER 2 Finland
CHAPTER 3 North Carolina
CHAPTER 4 South Korea
List of interviewees
Recommendations of the UNC Tomorrow Commission
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academic Academy of Finland Africa African countries centres challenges CHAPTER collaboration colleges and universities competitive cooperation country’s degree economic development economic growth EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC education and training efﬁciency enhance enrolment equity expansion ﬁelds ﬁnancial ﬁnancing Finland Finnish innovation system ﬁrms ﬁrst funding government’s graduates Grubb etal high-quality higher education institutions higher education system human resources implications for African important improving increased industrialisation industry inﬂuence innovation system KAIST knowledge economy knowledge-based economy labour market linkages LINKING HIGHER EDUCATION Ministry of Education NCCCS NCSU needs Nokia non-woven textiles North Carolina OECD organisations partnerships possible implications private sector programmes promote rates reﬂected regional development Regional Innovation research institutes Science and Technology scientiﬁc Seoul Seoul National University signiﬁcant skills South Korea speciﬁc state’s strategies Tekes tertiary education UNC Tomorrow Commission universities and polytechnics vocational education workforce development