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abstract accident affirmative proposition Amphiboly analysis apodictic applied argument Aristotle assumed called the Fallacy class denoted common commonly consists constitute construed contradictory copula corresponding defined definition dicto simpliciter Dictum de Omni distinction distinguished doctrine equal equation equivalent Equivocation essential example exclusively fact Fallacies of Accident false fictitious figure formal former genus gism Hence Hobbes Ignoratio Elenchi illicit assumption illicit substitution included individuals inference intuitively involved Irrelevant Conclusion judgment kind knowledge lacies language latter Laws of Thought logical processes logicians mankind Material Fallacies mathematical meaning middle term minor premise Moral Sciences nature negative proposition nonsensical notions or concepts observed obviously opinions osition particular propositions perceived political predicate principle prop ratiocination rational reductio ad absurdum regarded relations of terms Secundum Quid sense significative relation simply sion Sovereignty species Subcontraries syllogism theory things thought tion true truth universal affirmative vocal Whately words
Page 216 - ... the horses that were each black and white. The legatee claimed that he was entitled to both classes ; and, hence, in the one or the other of his claims, was guilty of this fallacy. § 203 (5). THE FALLACY OF ACCENT OR PROSODY (F. ACCENTUS F. PROSODI&\ — This fallacy is also a species of equivocation, ie, either Homonymy or Amphiboly. It consists in varying the meaning of a term or proposition by change of accent, tone, or punctuation. The most extreme case of this is that of irony, by which...
Page 12 - By what steps we are to proceed in these, is to be learned in the schools of the mathematicians. who from very plain and easy beginnings, by gentle degrees, and a continued chain of reasonings, proceed to the discovery and demonstration of truths, that appear at first sight beyond human capacity.
Page 236 - He was bred to the law, which is, in my opinion, one of the first and noblest of human sciences ; a science which does more to quicken and invigorate the understanding, than all the other kinds of learning put together ; but it is not apt, except in persons very happily born, to open and to liberalize the mind exactly in the same proportion.
Page 16 - And the most part of men, though they have the use of reasoning a little way, as in numbering to some degree, yet it serves them to little use in common life, in which they govern themselves, some better, some worse according to their differences of experience, quickness of memory, and inclinations to several ends; but specially according to good or evil fortune, and the errors of one another. For as for 'science,' or certain rules of their actions, they are so far from it that they know not what...
Page 131 - Him thus intent, Ithuriel with his spear Touched lightly ; for no falsehood can endure Touch of celestial temper, but returns Of force to its own likeness : up he starts, 'Discovered and surprised.
Page 230 - A servant who was roasting a stork for his master, was prevailed upon by his sweetheart to cut off a leg for her to eat. When the bird came upon table, the master desired to know what was become of the other leg. The man answered, that storks had never more than one leg.
Page 215 - Fallacy of division;" the term which is first taken collectively being afterwards divided; and vice versa. The ordinary examples are such as these ; all the angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles: ABC, is an angle of a triangle; therefore ABC, is equal to two right angles.
Page 233 - For some part of the inestimable benefit of that book has, merely on account of its title, reached to many thousands more than, I fear, it would have done, had he called it (what it is merely) a grammatical Essay, or a Treatise on Words or on Language.
Page 127 - The consideration then of ideas and words, as the great instruments of knowledge, makes no despicable part of their contemplation, who would take a view of human knowledge in the whole extent of it. And perhaps if they were distinctly weighed, and duly considered, they would afford us another sort of logic and critic, than what we have been hitherto acquainted with.