Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects

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Morton Lippmann
John Wiley & Sons, 2000 - Health & Fitness - 987 pages
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A comprehensive guide to assessing the health effects of environmental toxicants in nonoccupational settings

Now in a second edition, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects continues to offer a unique perspective on a topic that is usually focused on exposure and effects in industrial settings. Fully revised and expanded, it presents comprehensive, cutting-edge information on the effects of human exposure to selected chemicals and physical agents in nonoccupational environments. Dr. Morton Lippmann assembles expert contributions by leading authorities on each of the twenty-five environmental agents examined, providing a critical review of the accumulated evidence concerning their known or likely impact on human health, especially after long-term exposure.

Six new chapters have been added to this edition, discussing ambient particulate matter, chromium, mercury, noise, pesticides, and ultraviolet radiation. Existing chapters have been updated to include the most current information on performing risk assessments for established toxicants-from asbestos and benzene to the sick building syndrome. In the closing chapters, the authors place the discussion in a broader social and scientific context, exploring such issues as individual and community risk, environmental engineering for risk reduction, pulmonary medicine, and lessons learned in the industrial sector.

Supplemented with more than 100 illustrations and photographs, and with a view to future research trends, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects is an indispensable guide for public health officials, industrial hygienists, epidemiologists, and primary care physicians involved in risk assessment and management for exposed individuals and populations.
 

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Contents

Introduction and Background
1
Ambient Particulate Matter
31
Diesel Exhaust
32
Asbestos and Other Mineral and Vitreous Fibers
65
Fiber Deposition in the Respiratory Tract
71
Properties of Mineral and Vitreous Fibers Relevant to Disease
81
31
88
Benzene
121
Mercury
563
481
574
377
579
Nitrogen Oxides
595
577
633
Human Auditory System
639
Summary
652
Background
661

Carbon Monoxide
142
CO Exposure and Dosimetry
151
Chromium
173
Historical Overview
193
Dioxins and Dioxinlike Chemicals
243
151
251
173
259
Drinking Water Disinfection
267
642
269
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
318
Food Constituents Additives and Contaminants
377
Formaldehyde and Other Aldehydes
409
Indoor Bioaerosol Contaminants
449
643
474
243
478
Lead and Compounds
481
Treatment of Lead Toxicity
509
267
520
Nuclear Weapons Complex
537
319
541
Medical Exposures
544
Effects of Single Exposures to Ozone
668
Effects of MultipleDay and Ambient Episode Exposures
698
Summary and Conclusions
707
Pesticides
725
Radon and Daughters
741
Acidic Aerosols and
771
655
807
Aluminum Arsenic Cadmium and Nickel
811
523
846
Ultraviolet Radiation
851
741
884
Volatile Organic Compounds and the Sick Building Syndrome
889
Perspectives on Individual and Community Risks
905
DoseResponse for Health Effects Caused by LowLevel VOC Exposure 896
911
An Environmental Engineering Perspective
921
Applications and Use
929
Conclusions 922
942
Translating the Knowledge Base
969
595
981
889
987
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

MORTON LIPPMANN, PhD, is Professor of Environmental Medicine at the New York University School of Medicine, and the Director of the Research Center for the Health Risks of Ambient Particulate Matter, supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He also directs the Human Exposure and Health Effects Research Program at New York University's Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine.

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