Astral Sciences in Mesopotamia
Hermann Hunger, David Edwin Pingree
BRILL, Jan 1, 1999 - Religion - 303 pages
Astronomy and astrology, or the astral sciences, played an enormous, if not a key role in the political and religious life of the Ancient Near East, and, later, of the Greek and Roman world. This is the first comprehensive and up-to-date account of the origins of the astral sciences in the Ancient Near East. Every type of Sumerian or Akkadian text dealing with descriptive or mathematical astronomy, including many individual tablets are thoroughly dealt with. All aspects, such as the history of discovery, reconstruction, and interpretation come to the fore, accompanied by a full bibliography. At that the reader will find descriptions of astronomical contents, an explanation of their scientific meaning and the place a given genre or tablet has in the development of astronomy both within the Mesopotamian culture and outside of it. Because celestial omens are intimately related to astronomy in Mesopotamian science, these are also discussed extensively. The material is arranged both chronologically and thematically, so as to help make "Astral Sciences in Mesopotamia" a reference work on the subject in its truest sense.
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Aaboe Astrolabe astronomical Babylon Babylonian beru Bright star celestial omens century B.C. column computed conjunction constellations contains copied Crab cubits cycle dates Diary Du'uzu eclipse possibilities entries Enuma Anu Enlil Ephemerides Geminorum Greek-letter Greek-letter phenomena halo heliacal risings Herculis Hipparchus Hunger I-VI intercalation intervals ISBN 90 Jupiter king Kugler last visibility latitude LBAT Leonis Librae linear zigzag function longitudes lunar eclipse Mars Mercury Mesopotamia minas Moon is surrounded moonrise moonset MUL.APIN Neugebauer 1955 night Nisannu Normal Star Almanacs observed occurred omens Ophiuchi Pabilsag Panther parameters Parpola Pisces planetary planets predictions Procedure Texts published recorded Report rising Rochberg-Halton Sachs Sagittarii Saros Saturn Schaumberger scheme Scorpii Scorpion Shepherd of Anu Simanu Sirius solar eclipse stands SU.PA sunrise sunset synodic months synodic periods tablet tithis True Shepherd Twins Uruk velocity Venus vernal equinox VIII Waerden Weidner Zababa ziqpu stars zodiacal signs