Science of Knowing, The: J. G. Fichte's 1804 Lectures on the Wissenschaftslehre
Considered by some to be his most important text, this series of lectures given by Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814) at his home in Berlin in 1804 is widely regarded as the most perspicuous presentation of his fundamental philosophy. Now available in English, this translation provides in striking and original language Fichte’s exploration of the transcendental foundations of experience and knowing in ways that go beyond Kant and Reinhold and charts a promising, novel pathway for German Idealism. Through a close examination of this work one can see that Fichte’s thought is much more than a way station between Kant and Hegel, thus making the case for Fichte’s independent philosophical importance.
The text is divided into two parts: a doctrine of truth or reason, and a doctrine of appearance. A central feature of the text is its performative dimension. Philosophy, for Fichte, is something we enact rather than any discursively expressible object of awareness; a philosophical truth is not expressible as a set of propositions but is a spontaneous inwardly occurring realization. Therefore, he always regards the expression of philosophy in words as strategic, aiming to ignite philosophy’s essentially inward process and to arouse the event of philosophical insight.
The new translation contains a German-English glossary and an extensive introduction and notes by the translator.
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1804 Honored Guests absolute gap absolute knowing abstract actively genetic actually already annulled appearance arise being’s certainty clear completely concept consciousness construction Copia adds Copia emphasizes deduce derived disjunction distinguishing grounds eingesehen emphasis occurs emphasized in Copia entirely everything existence expression external fact Fichte Fichte’s five-fold further genetic German idealism grasped Hence highest hypothetical idealism immanent immediately in-itself inconceivable inner essence intrinsically intuition inwardly J. G. Fichte Johann Gottlieb Fichte Kant knowing’s latter lecture begins living means merely negation object objectifying occurs in Copia occurs in SW original ourselves paragraph break occurs philosophy posited possible premise present presupposed presupposition previously primordial principle principle-providing projection proof pure light qualitative realism reason reconstruction reflection relation remains result science of knowing self-construction self-enclosed sentence simply stand standpoint sure SW’s SWhas task thing thinking tion transcendental true truth unconditionally valid Wissenschaftslehre word
Page 11 - intended effect [Intention] upon the language into which he is translating which produces in it the echo of the original,