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Page 18 - There is something serenely majestic in the easy progress of those large bodies on the full stream of this copious river. Sometimes one sees a whole family transported on this simple conveyance; the mother calmly spinning, the children sporting about her, and the father fishing on one end, and watching its safety at the same time. These rafts were taken down to Albany, and put on board vessels there, for conveyance to New York; sometimes, however, it happened that, as they proceeded very slowly,...
Page 9 - Our chief extensive forests of this noble and most valuable tree" are "on the headwaters of the Hudson and on the rivers which empty into the St. Lawrence...
Page 15 - In square pieces from 12 to 25 feet long, and of different diameters; in scantling, or square pieces 6 inches in diameter for the lighter part of frames; and in boards, which are divided into merchantable or common, and into clear or picked" boards. The merchantable boards are three-fourths of an inch thick, from 10 to 15 inches wide, from 10 to 15 feet long, and frequently deformed with knots; at New York they are called Albany boards, and are sold at the same price as at Boston.
Page 9 - This distribution includes substantially the entire State except the lowlands, from which the White Pine had been taken by the earl}- settlers long before Torrey wrote. The Adirondack tourist of to-day can still see in the tall trees at Paul Smith's, or in the noble colonnade of White Pine along the shores of Forked Lake, further evidence of its extensive habitat.
Page 33 - STANDARDS In some parts of the State, notably in the Adirondack Mountains, a log 13 feet long and 19 inches in diameter at the small end is spoken of as a standard. The use of this unit of measurement dates back to the early days of lumbering in the Adirondack Mountains; and to a limited extent its use still persists. Since a standard is roughly equivalent to 200 board feet, it is frequently reckoned as
Page 13 - I hear rids more woods or destroys more timber than all the sawmills in New Hampshire. Four saws are the most in New Hampshire that work in one mill, and here is a Dutchman lately come over who is an extraordinary artist at those mills. Mr. Livingston told me this last •History of Albany County, by George R.
Page 13 - They have got about 40 saw mills up in this Province, which I hear rids more work or destroys more timber than all the saw mills in New Hampshire. Four saws are the most in New Hampshire that work in one mill, and here is a Dutchman lately come over who is an extraordinary artist at those mills. Mr Livingston told me this last summer he had made him a mill that went with 12 saws. A few such mills will quickly destroy all the woods in the Province at a reasonable distance from them.
Page 34 - It is difficult to find any records showing when the first steam sawmill was built in this State. A sawmill driven by steam power was built in 1830, in the town of Newark Valley, Tioga County, by Chester Patterson and Jonathan Day, which employed about thirty men.
Page 22 - ... the mills had no appliances then for sawing long sticks. Moreover, the hewed timber was thought to be more valuable; it was stronger and would last longer than sawed timber wherever it was used. The sticks were of White Pine, ranging from 30 to 70 feet long and from 12 to 24 inches square. At one time considerable "square