Germania Semitica

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Walter de Gruyter, Jan 1, 2013 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 763 pages
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Germania Semitica explores prehistoric language contact in general, and attempts to identify the languages involved in shaping Germanic in particular. The book deals with a topic outside the scope of other disciplines concerned with prehistory, such as archaeology and genetics, drawing its conclusions from the linguistic evidence alone, relying on language typology and areal probability. The data for reconstruction comes from Germanic syntax, phonology, etymology, religious loan names, and the writing system, more precisely from word order, syntactic constructions, word formation, irregularities in phonological form, lexical peculiarities, and the structure and rules of the Germanic runic alphabet. It is demonstrated that common descent is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for reconstruction. Instead, lexical and structural parallels between Germanic and Semitic languages are explored and interpreted in the framework of modern language contact theory.

 

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Contents

1 Zur Entstehung des Germanischen
1
Atlantic influences from above and from below
33
3 Amsel und Merula
43
+abr strong with a reflection on AbrahamTheodoric
49
Structural contact features in Celtic and English
57
+aþal OE æðel G Adel nobility With an appendix on Gk Aτλɑs
77
PreGmc +at in E maiden G Magd Mädchen Goth magaps
93
8 Key issues in English etymology
107
20 Glauben wir noch an die Lautgesetze? Zur Etymologie von Phol und Balder im Zweiten Merseburger Zauberspruch ...
361
21 The name of the Isle of Thanet
391
22 Was ProtoGermanic a creole language?
423
23 Münze mint and money An etymology for Latin Moneta With appendices on Carthaginian Tanit and the IndoEuropean month word ...
447
A note on the etymology of penny with an appendix on the etymology of pane
467
With an appendix on Latin siliqua a small coin
485
26 Grimms Law and loanwords
497
27 Germanische Runen und phönizisches Alphabet
529

Gmc +drag +trek Lat trah Gk τρέχ
135
10 On the rise of Celtic syntax in Middle English
147
The transitivity of language contact
179
12 Zur Etymologie von Rauch und riechen
219
13 PGmc +drepa G treffen to hitfg
225
+sibjö
233
15 Languages in prehistoric Europe north of the Alps
257
Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der indogermanischen Sprachen des Nordwestens ...
269
17 Note on the etymology of PGmc +smitan and +smiþaz E smite smith G schmeißen Schmied etc ...
299
Die Entstehung des Englischen
311
19 Phol Balder and the birth of Germanic
345
28 Zur Reihung der Runen im älteren Fuark
591
29 Semitic influence in Celtic? Yes and No
623
30 The source of the Ing rune and of the futhark
635
Abbreviations
647
References
653
Index of Atlantic HamitoSemitic etymologies
715
Index of HamitoSemitic words word forms and roots
723
Index of Vasconic etymologies
727
Index of Toponyms
729
Subject Index
731
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About the author (2013)

Theo Vennemann and Patrizia Noel, University of München, Germany.