Local applications of the ecological approach to human-machine systems
There is a growing consensus in the human factors/ergonomics community that human factors research has had little impact on significant applied problems. Some have suggested that the problem lies in the fact that much HF/E research has been based on the wrong type of psychology, an information processing view of psychology that is reductionistic and context-free. Ecological psychology offers a viable alternative, presenting a richer view of human behavior that is holistic and contextualized. The papers presented in these two volumes show the conceptual impact that ecological psychology can have on HF/E, as well as presenting a number of specific examples illustrating the ecological approach to human-machine systems. It is the first collection of papers that explicitly draws a connection between these two fields. While work in this area is only just beginning, the evidence available suggests that taking an ecological approach to human factors/ergonomics helps bridge the existing gap between basic research andapplied problems.
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Where Parallel Roads Meet
Perceiving and Avoiding Rollover in Agricultural Tractors
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action activity aircraft altitude analysis behavior center of mass cockpit cognitive complex configural constraints context coordination decision maker described descriptors direction of balance distance driving dynamic seat ecological approach ecological psychology effects example Figure Flach flight simulators flow field function Gibson global optical flow gravitoinertial Hillsdale human factors inertial environment interaction interface invariants Journal of Experimental kinesthesis Lawrence Erlbaum Associates map readers masked condition mental model mental simulation movement navigation nonlinear observer operator optic array optical flow rate orientation parallax pattern perceived perception and control performance perspective pheromone pilot postural control problem solving proprioception psychophysical relative Riccio rotation self-motion sensitivity separatrix simulator sickness sink rate situated cognition situation skills slope spatial specific speed stability Stoffregen strategies surface task teleoperation telepresence terrain forms texture tractor variables vector vehicle vehicular control velocity visual display visual perception visual system Warren