Employment for Poverty Reduction and Food Security
Joachim Von Braun
Intl Food Policy Res Inst, Jan 1, 1995 - Political Science - 321 pages
Employment for poverty reduction and food security: concept, research issues, and overview. Challenges and scope for an employment-intensive growth strategy. Bangladesh's food-work program and alternatives to improve food security. "Yigong-Daizhen" in China: a new experience with labor-intensive public works in poor areas. India's (Maharashtra) employment guarantee scheme: lessons from long experience. Labor-intensive public works: the experience of Botswana and Tanzania. Employment programs for food security in rural and urban Africa: experiences in Niger and Zimbabwe. Food cash for work in Ethiopia: experiences during famine and macroeconomic reform. Social investment funds and programs in Latin America: their effects on employment and income. Future directions for development and relief with food aid. Implementation of employment programs: key issues and options. Employment for food security: synthesis and policy conclusions.
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activities Addis Ababa Africa agricultural assets average Bangladesh beneficiaries benefits Bolivia Botswana Braun capita cash Chapter China construction cost created developing countries distribution drought economic effects Employment Guarantee Scheme employment programs Ethiopia evaluation example expenditure FFW program Fondo food aid food consumption Food Policy Research food security funds groups growth IFPRI impact implementation improved income increase infrastructure insecurity International Food Policy International Labour International Labour Office irrigation labor force labor market labor-based labor-intensive public leakage Maharashtra maintenance ment Mimeo minimum wages Ministry Niger Ningxia nutrition organizations participation percent Policy Research Institute population poverty reduction production public works programs Ravallion regions relief roads rural areas rural households season sector short-term Sichuan strategy survey sustainability Table Tanzania targeting technical tion urban village wage rates women workers World Bank World Food Programme Yigong-daizhen projects Zhu Ling Zimbabwe
Page 250 - Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
Page viii - Official development assistance (ODA) consists of net disbursements of loans and grants made on concessional financial terms by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to promote economic development and welfare.
Page 108 - The rest of the chapter is organized as follows. The next section looks at the economics of the LS by performing a principal component and a cluster analysis.
Page 253 - Bank includes the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).
Page 16 - Alderman, H, PA Chiappori, L. Haddad, J. Hoddinott, and R. Kanbur. 1995. "Unitary Versus Collective Models of the Household: Is It Time to Shift the Burden of Proof?
Page 191 - Significant at the 5 percent level. * * * Significant at the 1 percent level.
Page 102 - China, economic development in the past fifteen years has been situated in an environment of transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy.
Page 265 - ... of all WFP development activities. Increasingly, WFP is trying to combine environmental components in an integrated way, both at the micro level (on individual farms) and at the macro level (in entire drainage basins). A checklist highlighting the types of projects supported by WFP that are particularly sensitive to environmental concerns has been devised for incorporation into WFP's project preparation guide-lines...
Page 140 - Food Aid: A Cause of Development Failure or an Instrument for Success?
Page xv - Food security, though interpreted in many ways, is defined here as access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Its essential elements are the availability of food and the ability to acquire it. Conversely, food insecurity is the lack of access to sufficient food and can be either chronic or transitory. Chronic food insecurity is a continuously inadequate diet resulting...