Handbook of Oriental Studies

Front Cover
BRILL, 2002 - Design - 355 pages
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This is the first comprehensive survey of all aspects of education in India, both in the oral and written traditions. Chronologically it covers everything from the Vedic period upto the Hindu kingdoms before the establishment of Muslim rule. If relevant, the reader will regularly find sidesteps to modern continuities.
The role of the oral tradition and the techniques of memorization are discussed, the education in small private tutorials and the development of large monasteries and temple schools approaching university character. Professional training, the role of the teacher and of foreign languages are dealt with, and the impact of the peculiar features of Indian education on Indian society.
The full documentation facilitates quick access to the original sources scholarly literature on Indian education. A true reference work.
 

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Contents

Education as aTopic
1
The Oral Tradition
8
Content of the Tradition Revealed and Observed
38
The Final Goal of Education
47
Modern Apologists
64
Training in Early Childhood
71
Initiation
87
Tutorials and acaryakulas
115
The Close of Study
290
Various Languages
302
Education and the Indian Character
313
Abbreviations
322
Bibliography
324
Texts
331
Authors
334
Historical and Fictional Persons
337

From Monasteries to Universities
131
From Temple Schools to Universities
166
Admission and the Right to Teach and to Study
194
The Study
212
Memorizing the Veda
240
Professional Training
252
The Teachers
277
Places
339
Schools
341
Indian terms
342
Topics
348
Illustrations
357
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About the author (2002)

Harmut Scharfe, Ph.D. (1956), Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, is Professor of Sanskrit (emeritus) at the University of California, Los Angeles. He has published extensively on Sanskrit studies, including his Investigations in Kautalya's Manual of Political Science (1993).