The Chippewas of Lake Superior

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University of Oklahoma Press, Jan 1, 1990 - Social Science - 263 pages
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This book tells the story of the Chippewa Indians in the regions around Lake Superior-the fabled land of Kitchigami. It tells of their woodland life, the momentous impact of three centuries of European and American societies on their culture, and how the retention of their tribal identity and traditions proved such a source of strength for the Chippewas that the federal government finally abandoned its policy of coercive assimilation of the tribe.

The Chippewas, especially the Lake Superior bands, have been neglected by historians, perhaps because they fought no bloody wars of resistance against the westward-driving white pioneers who overwhelmed them in the nineteenth century. Yet, historically, the Chippewas were one of the most important Indian groups north of Mexico. Their expansive north woods homeland contained valuable resources, forcing them to play important roles in regional enterprises such as the French, British, and American fur trade. Neither exterminated nor removed to the semiarid Great Plains, the Lake Superior bands have remained on their native lands and for the past century have continued to develop their interests in lumbering, fishing, farming, mining, shipping, and tourism.

Now, for the first time in three hundred years, white domination is no longer the major theme of Chippewa life. The chains of paternalism have been broken. The possessors of many federal and state contracts, confident in their administrative ability, proud of their Indian heritage, and well organized politically, the Lake Superior bands are determined to chart their own course.

In bringing his readers this overview of the Chippewa experience, the author emphasizes major themes for the entire sweep of Lake Superior Chippewa history. He focuses in detail on events, regions, and reservations which illustrate those themes.

Historians, ethnologists, other Indian tribes, and the Chippewas themselves will find much of interest in this account of how previous tribal experiences have shaped Chippewa life in the 1970's.

 

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Contents

Traditional Culture of the Lake Superior Chippewas
6
The Coming of the French to Lake Superior
26
Chippewa papoose page
41
Bishop Frederick Baraga
47
Redcoats Norwesters and Red Men
53
The Chippewas and their White American Neighbors
68
Life on the New Reservations 18541900
91
Descent to Depression 19001934
110
House on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation 1930s
171
Grand Portage Elementary School
177
Progress Through SelfDetermination 19641975
183
Some Conclusions and a Look at
211
Key to Abbreviations
218
Bibliography
245
Index
255
Copyright

Freedom Amidst Poverty 19341964
134

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About the author (1990)

Edmund Jefferson Danziger, Jr. received the Ph.D. degree from the University of Illinois. He has retired from his position as Professor of History at Bowling Green State University.

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