Shivaji and His Times

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Longmans, Green and Company, 1920 - India - 475 pages

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It is very well - written , concise , gives you complete details about Shivaji and his times . Language is very flowing and not a word inappropriate ...
A must read for the reader of Maratha History

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This is one of the best works by Jadunath Sarkar. This book is the exmplery for the historians to write the proper history without much biasing.


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Page 429 - Shivaji has shown that the tree of Hinduism is not really dead, that it can rise from beneath the seemingly crushing load of centuries of political bondage, exclusion from the administration, and legal repression; it can put forth new leaves and branches; it can again lift up its head to the skies."— Pp.
Page 366 - It has recently come to my ears that, on the ground of the war with me having exhausted your wealth and emptied the imperial treasury, your Majesty has ordered that money under the name of jaziya should be collected from the Hindus and the imperial needs supplied with it.
Page 202 - Europeans would hasten to Swally. Business was effectually scared away from Surat, and inland producers hesitated to send their goods to this the greatest emporium of Western India. For one month after the second sack, "the town was in so great a confusion that there was neither governor nor Government," and almost every day was troubled by rumours of Shiva's coming there again.
Page 6 - See above, p. 35. insulated hills, form natural fortresses, where the only labour required is to get access to the level space, which generally lies on the summit. Various princes at different times have profited by these positions. They have cut flights of steps or winding roads up the rocks, fortified the entrance with a succession of gateways, and erected towers to command the approaches ; and then studded the whole region about the Ghats and their branches with forts...
Page 368 - But in your Majesty's reign, many of the forts and provinces have gone out of your possession, and the rest will soon do so, too, because there will be no slackness on my part in ruining and devastating them.
Page 369 - To draw (new) lines on a picture is to find fault with the painter. . . . In strict justice the jaziya is not at all lawful. From the point of view of administration it can be right only if a beautiful woman wearing gold ornaments can pass from one country to another without fear or molestation. (But) in these days even the cities are being plundered, what of the open country ? Not to speak of its injustice, this imposition of the jaziya is an innovation, in India, and inexpedient.
Page 367 - Through the auspicious effect of this sublime disposition, wherever he (Akbar) bent the glance -of his august wish, Victory and Success advanced to welcome him on the way. In his reign many kingdoms and forts were conquered.
Page 10 - Deccan in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. This religious revival was not brahmanical in its orthodoxy; it was heterodox in its spirit of protest against forms and ceremonies and class distinctions based on birth, and ethical in its preference of a pure heart, and of the law of love, to all other acquired...
Page 368 - Hindus are grilled, most men lack bread at night and in the day inflame their own cheeks by slapping them [in anguish]. How can the royal spirit permit you to add the hardship of the jaziya to this grievous state of things ? The infamy will quickly spread from west to east and become recorded in books of history that the Emperor of Hindustan, coveting the beggars...
Page 366 - Sivaji, after rendering thanks for the grace of God and the favours of the Emperor, — which are clearer than the Sun, — begs to inform your Majesty that, although this well-wisher was led by his adverse Fate to come away from your august presence without taking leave, yet he is ever ready to perform, to the fullest extent possible and proper, everything that duty as a servant and gratitude demand of him.

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