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abolish attaches to land belongs benefit bounty charity chattel slavery Christian Church civilization common condition of labor countries Creator deny deprived difference duty earnings earth economic rent employers enable Encyclical equal right evil exist father fictitious capital force forethought fruits give God's hold Holiness human increase individual industry injustice justice land owners land values ligion live man's means natural law natural rights Pope Leo XIII population poverty principle private owner private ownership private possession private property produced by labor products of labor property in land propose public revenues religion remedy rent rich and poor right of private right of property robbery sanction secure seek single tax slave slavery social socialists society storehouse Summa Theologica teaching things produced Thomas of Aquin tion to-day trades unions true unjust value of land virtue wages want and misery wealth workingmen workmen wrong
Page 108 - We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
Page 139 - The first duty, therefore, of the rulers of the State should be to make sure that the laws and institutions, the general character and administration of the commonwealth, shall be such as to produce of themselves public well-being and private prosperity.
Page 27 - It is surely undeniable that, when a man engages in remunerative labor, the very reason and motive of his work is to obtain property, and to hold it as his own private possession. If one man hires out to another his strength or his industry, he does this for the purpose of receiving in return what is necessary for food and living; he thereby expressly proposes...
Page 141 - Indeed, their co-operation in this respect is so important that it may be truly said that it is only by the labor of the working man that States grow rich. Justice, therefore, demands that the interests of the poorer population be carefully watched over by the Administration, so that they who contribute so largely to the advantage of the community may themselves share in the benefits they create — that being housed, clothed, and enabled to support life, they may find their existence less hard and...
Page 48 - Thou shall not covet thy neighbor's wife ; nor his house, nor his field, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass. nor anything which is his...
Page 149 - Such associations should be adapted to the requirements of the age in which we live — an age of greater instruction, of different customs, and of more numerous requirements in daily life. It is gratifying to know that there are actually in existence not a few societies of this nature, consisting either of workmen alone, or of workmen and employers together ; but it were greatly to be desired that they should multiply and become more effective.
Page 10 - Man is Older Than the State And he holds the right of providing for the life of his body prior to the formation of any State. And to say that God has given the earth to the use and enjoyment of the universal human race is not to deny that there can be private property.
Page 153 - For what doth it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his own soul ? Or what exchange shall a man give for his soul?
Page 121 - It is not surprising that the spirit of revolutionary change, which has so long been predominant in the nations of the world, should have passed beyond politics and made its influence felt in the cognate field of practical economy. The elements of a conflict are unmistakable: the growth of industry, and the surprising discoveries of science...
Page 51 - ... most sacred law of nature that a father must provide food and all necessaries for those whom he has begotten; and, similarly, nature dictates that a man's children, who carry on, as it were, and continue his own personality, should be provided by him with all that is needful to enable them honorably to keep themselves from want and misery in the uncertainties of this mortal life.