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An Introduction to the Study of the Compounds of Carbon; Or, Organic Chemistry
No preview available - 2012
acetic acid acetone acetyl acetylene action aldehyde alkalies allyl amino ammonia ammonium amyl alcohol anhydride aniline anthracene benzene boiling point bromine calcium carbon dioxide carboxyl caustic potash cent chloride CHOH color colorless compounds contains converted COOH crystallizes cyanide d-glucose derivatives diazonium salts dilute distillation dyes ester ethane ethereal salts ethylene fermentation formed formic acid formula gives glucose glycerol glycolic H2COH halogen heated hydrocarbons hydrochloric acid hydrocyanic acid hydrogen atoms hydrolysis hydrolyzed hydroxide hydroxyl inactive insoluble iodide isomeric ketone known lactic acid large scale liquid malic acid manufacture melting method methyl alcohol methylamine mixture molecule naphthalene nascent hydrogen nitrate nitric acid nitro nitrogen Note for Student obtained odor ortho oxalic oxidation oxygen paraffin phenol phenylhydrazine phosphorus phthalic potassium proteins pyridine quinoline reaction readily reduced replaced represented sodium salt soluble in water starch stereoisomeric substance sugar sulphate sulphonic sulphuric acid synthetically toluene treated urea yields zinc
Page 12 - according to which equal volumes of all gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules. Hence,
Page iii - beginning the subject. For this reason, special care has been taken to select for treatment such compounds as best serve to make clear the fundamental principles. General relations as illustrated by special cases are discussed rather more fully than is customary in books of the same size ; and, on the other hand, the number of compounds taken up is smaller than usual.
Page 125 - cracking," or destructive distillation, sets in. The fires are slackened in order to distil very slowly, and this slow distillation is continued until the temperature in the still reaches 675 to 700° F., producing a distillate with an average boiling point of about 550° F., but containing some
Page 125 - combine with the acid, producing a heavy black viscous mass called acid sludge which settles to the bottom of the vessel. The sludge is drawn off and the oil washed with water and alkali to remove all traces of acid and is then ready for the market. The
Page iii - It is difficult to see how, without some such general introductory study, the technical chemist and the student of medicine can comprehend what is usually put before them under the heads of 'Applied Organic Chemistry' and 'Medical Chemistry.'