The Variety of Life: A Survey and a Celebration of All the Creatures that Have Ever Lived

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The Variety of Life can be read at many levels. Not least it is an extraordinary inventory - an illustrated summary of all the Earthly creatures that have ever lived. Whatever living thing you come across, from E coli to an oak tree or an elephant, The Variety of Life will show you what kindof creature it is, and how it relates to all the others. Yet there are far too many creatures to present merely as a catalogue. The list of species already described is vast enough - nearly two million - but there could in reality be as many as 30 million different animals, plants, fungi andprotists - and perhaps another 400 million different bacteria and archaes. In the 4000 million years or so since life first began on Earth, there could have been several thousand billion different species. The only way to keep track of so many is to classify - placing similar creatures intocategories, which nest within larger categories, and so on. As the centuries have passed, so it has become clear that the different groups are far more diverse than had ever been appreciated. Thus Linneus in the 18th century placed all living things in just two kingdoms, Animals and Plants. By the1950s this had become five kingdoms - with fungi, protists, and bacteria hived off into their own, separate groups. But leading biologists today acknowledge three vastly different domains, each divided into many kingdoms - so that animals and plants, spectacular though they are, are just a fragmentof the whole. The Variety of Life explains the means by which systematists have attempted such a mammoth classification of so many various creatures - which in turn leads us into some of the most intriguing and knottiest areas of modern biology: evolutionary theory, molecular genetics, and thehistory of biological thought. Finally, however, The Variety of Life can simply be seen as a celebration. We should all share Miranda's pleasure in Shakespeare's Tempest - ' How many goodly creatures are there here!' - and feel, as she did, what a privilege it is to share this planet with suchwonders. Their fate is in our hands; and first, we must begin to appreciate them.

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User Review  - glowing-fish - LibraryThing

Surprisingly enough, no one has written a book quite like this, that I know of. I have read lots of books about biology over the years, but I have to say that this book is kind of a keystone for all of them. I would suggest this book for anyone who wants to understand biology as a whole. Read full review

The variety of life: a survey and a celebration of all the creatures that have ever lived

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Science writer Tudge (The Time Before History) has taken an enormous subject--the inventory of all living things past and present--and created a very readable work on the science of classification and ... Read full review

Contents

H A P T E R I
3
a plea
81
How to use this book
92
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Variety of Life reflects Colin Tudge's lifelong passion for natural history and for the underlying science. He was born in London, educated at Dulwich College and Peterhouse, Cambridge, and graduated in the mid 1960s with a degree in zoology. Full-time jobs have included features editor ofNew Scientist, and presenter of science programmes on BBC Radio 3. He has been a full-time author since 1990 but has also written for The Independent, The Independent on Sunday, The Guardian, The Times, Natural History, The New Statesman, and the Royal Shakespeare Company: and has lectured in manyvenues from the London School of Economics to the World Economic Forum. He has served on the Council of the Zoological Society of London and is currently a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and a Research Fellow at the Centre for Philosophy at the London School of Economics. He has threegrown-up children, one of whom helped with the present book. Address: 102,

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