Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure
Psychology Press, 1991 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 382 pages
The study of syntax is fundamental to linguistics and language study, but it is often taught solely within the framework of transformational grammar. This book is unique in several respects: it introduces the basic concepts used in the description of syntax, independently of any single model of grammar. Most grammatical models fail to deal adequately with one aspect of syntax or another, and the authors argue that an understanding of the concepts used in any full description of language is crucial for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of formal grammars. Formal approaches to some of these concepts are critically examined. This book will train students, of either linguistics or language, to understand and make the best use of any grammar they encounter. Secondly, the book deals with the whole of syntax from immediate constituents and relations between sentences. It also examines concepts like subject and object, agent and patient, topic, comment and theme. Thirdly, there is a section on morphology, and a discussion of the relationship between syntax and morphology.
As a book which explains, in a lucid and approachable way, why linguists have adopted certain solutions to problems and not others, this will be an invaluable introductory text. It is profusely illustrated with diagrams, and there are sets of exercises for every chapter which can be used in class, or by students working independently.
This second edition has been extensively revised to take account of recent developments in syntactic studies.
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Constituent structure grammar
Verbs and nouns
Adjectives and prepositions
Embedding recursion and ambiguity
Morphemes and morphs
The morphology of the English verb
Form classes and grammatical categories
the encoding of dependency
Processes and participants
Sentences in texts
Other editions - View all
adjectives adverbs affixes allomorphs analysis auxiliary verb biting the cat Calum Chapter Charlie co-occur complement concord consider constituent structure rules constructions copula corresponding criteria dative dependency relations derivational described direct object discussion distinction distribution dog frightened embedded English example Fido Figure follows the verb form class formal frightened the child function grammatical category head noun identify illustrated inchoative inflectional internal structure involved Kofi language lexeme lexical category lexical stem lexicon linguistic locative main verb marker Mary mass nouns modal modifier morph morpheme morphology mouse node non-past notion noun phrase number agreement oblique object occur participant passive sentences past tense phonaesthemes phonological phrasal category plural preceding prefix prepositional phrase pronoun realization rules refer relationship relevant roles semantic shown sing singular strings subject NP syntactic syntax terminal symbol thematic topic transformational grammar transitive verbs tree types typically verb group word form word order yawned