The Chemistry of Soils
There have been many advances in soil chemistry since Oxford published the first edition of The Chemistry of Soils in 1989. The physical-chemistry approach to soil chemistry taken in the book, groundbreaking for its time, has been adopted by nearly every soil chemistry book published since. This book offers a thorough update of all topics covered in the previous edition. In the last 16 years, soil chemistry as a discipline has assumed major significance in connection with global climate change. The 2nd edition addresses the emergent issue of global climate change by exploring the interaction between organic carbon and soil. The largest repository of organic carbon on earth is still soil, and the process by which organic carbon is sequestered by soil, thus preventing the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, is one of the proper concerns of soil chemistry. Thus, the revision provides a rigorous discussion of soil chemistry in its broader environmental and biogeochemical contexts.
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2 Soil Minerals
3 Soil Humus
4 The Soil Solution
5 Mineral Stability and Weathering
6 OxidationReduction Reactions
7 Soil Particle Surface Charge
8 Soil Adsorption Phenomena
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activity activity–ratio diagram adsorbed adsorption Al3+ anion aqueous solution biotic ligand bond Ca2+ calcite Calculate cation cation exchange Chapter chemical speciation chemistry clay minerals colloids concentration decreases diffuse-ion swarm dissolution reaction electrolyte electron equation equilibrium constant example exchange reaction Fe(II Fe2+ Fe3+ Figure flocculation formation fractal functional groups gibbsite goethite half-reaction humic acid humic substances humus increases inner-sphere interactions ionic strength isotherm kaolinite Kdis kinetics layer ligand mass metal cation Mg2+ microbial mmol Mn2+ mol m−3 molecules moles octahedral organic outer-sphere oxidation Oxisol oxyanions oxygen parameter particle surface PCO2 pH value precipitation Problem proton range rate coefficient ratio reaction in Eq redox reaction reduction half-reaction Section silicates smectite soil humus soil minerals soil solution solid phase solubility species structure sulfate surface charge surface complex suspension Table timescale tion toxic typically valence weathering whereas