The Bermuda Islands: a Contribution to the Physical History and Zoology of the Somers Archipelago

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The author, 1889 - Coral reefs and islands - 231 pages
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Page 29 - Here yEolus in a cavern vast With bolt and barrier fetters fast Rebellious storm and howling blast. They with the rock's reverberant roar Chafe blustering round their prison-door : He, throned on high, the sceptre sways, Controls their moods, their wrath allays.
Page 37 - Rice, reviewing his observations, offers these conclusions respecting movements : 1. A subsidence, in which the original nucleus of the islands disappeared beneath the sea, the characteristic atoll form was produced and the now elevated beach rock was deposited. 2. An elevation, in which the great lagoon and the various minor lagoons were converted into dry land, and the vast accumulations of wind-blown sand were formed, which now constitute the most striking peculiarity of the islands. 3. A subsidence,...
Page 59 - Agassiz that these reefs are merely organic growths and accumulations, whose present positions, whether of horizontal or vertical distribution, have practically no connection with recent movements either of elevation or depression. ' There is practically no evidence that the Florida reef, or any part of the southern peninsula of Florida which has been formed by corals, owes its existence to the effect of elevation ; or that the atolls of this district, such as those of the Marquesas or of the great...
Page 207 - Generally speaking, all the volcanic regions which we know have in the main been areas of elevation, and we would expect the same to hold good in those vast and permanent hollows of the earth which are occupied by the waters of the ocean...
Page 69 - ... seven of these peaks between the latitude of Lisbon and the island of Teneriffe. The depths on the summits of these vary from 12 to 500 fathoms. On one of them, at 400 fathoms, two species of coral (Lophokelia proliftra and A mphihelia peculate?) were growing luxuriantly.
Page 162 - In the type of copulation-foot it resembles that of arborem and dugesi, and it is very probable that all the species belonging to this group have the same type, ie, the ventral plate triangular and as high as posterior part of anterior part, while the anterior part is less, the posterior foot bifid and projecting out of the opening. I have named this species after Prof. Angelo Heilprin, of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 2. Julus Moreleti Lucuž.
Page 75 - But here we surely have such a limestone (provided the observation is correctly made), and its presence removes what might have been a valid argument against the Darwinian hypothesis. And further, there is reason to believe that the thousands of feet of reef-structure which have been described by Sawkins in Jamaica are largely, if not mainly, of coral growth, and represent a formation produced during a long period of subsidence. In the foregoing discussion of the structure of coral reefs, as also...
Page 77 - When they had set their corne, the rats would come by troupes in the night and scratch it out of the ground. If by diligent watch any escaped till it came to earing, it should then very hardly escape them : and they became noysome euen to the very persons of men.
Page 49 - Generally the barren areas much exceed those flourishing with zoophytes, and not unfrequently the clusters are scattered like tufts of vegetation in a sandy plain. The growing- corals extend up the sloping edge of the reef, nearly to low tide level. For ten to twenty yards from the margin, the reef is usually very cavernous, or pierced with holes or sinuous recesses, a hiding place for crabs and shrimps, or a retreat for the echini, asterias, sea-anemone?
Page 162 - Newport. Three specimens. These are so moulded and broken that it is almost impossible to make much out; but in the characters . of the head, they seem to be identical with the West Indian species. 4. Lithobius lapidicola Meinert.

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