Lenin Rediscovered: What Is to Be Done? in Context
Lenin's "What is to Be Done?" (1902) has long been seen as the founding document of a 'party of a new type'. For some, it provided a model of 'vanguard party' that was the essence of Bolshevism, for others it manifested Lenin's elitist and manipulatory attitude towards the workers. This substantial new commentary, based on contemporary Russian- and German-language sources, provides hitherto unavailable contextual information that undermines these views and shows how Lenin's argument rests squarely on an optimistic confidence in the workers' revolutionary inclinations and on his admiration of German Social Democracy in particular. Lenin's outlook cannot be understood, Lih claims here, outside the context of international Social Democracy, the disputes within Russian Social Democracy and the institutions of the revolutionary underground. The new translation focuses attention on hard-to-translate key terms. This study raises new and unsettling questions about the legacy of Marx, Bolshevism as a historical force, and the course of Soviet history, but, most of all, it will revolutionise the conventional interpretations of Lenin. About "Bread and Authority (1990)" (by Lars T. Lih) '"If we could put the desperately ill Russia of today on the psyciatrist's couch, we would inevitably have to spend a great many sessions on its earliest childhood. This is what Lars T. Lih has done in the remarkably insightful study ... A fine work."' from a one-paragraph anonymous notice in Virginia Quarterly Review, Winter 1991. ',.".a rich and thoroughly researched account of food supply policies in the tumultuous years between the fall of the tsarist regime and Lenin's NEP. By using the success of failure offood supply policies as a barometer of political authority in the face of potential social breakdown, the book also gives us food for thought in understanding the problems of contemporary Russia."' Marcia Weigle, The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review, 1992, vol. 19 Nos. 1-3. '"The jacket of this thoughtful study by Lars T. Lih reproduces a Russian poster showing the 'bony finger of Hunger' pointing to starving masses. [NB: I found this poster in a Russian souvenir shop.] ... Lih's discerning and sympathetic analysis enlarges our view of both past and present."' Dorothy Atkinson, American Hist. Review, Dec. 1991.
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The Merger of Socialism and the Worker Movement
A Russian Erfurtian
The Iskra Period
Russian Foes of Erfurtianism
A Feud Within Russian Erfurtianism
The Purposive Worker and the Spread of Awareness
TRANSLATION Note on the Translation
Lenins What Is to Be Done?
Dogmatism and Freedom of Criticism
The Stikhiinost of the Masses and the Purposiveness of Social Democracy
Trediunionist Politics and SocialDemocratic Politics
The Artisanal Limitations of the Economists and the Organisation of Revolutionaries
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accusation activists activity Akselrod argument artisanal limitations autocracy Bolshevik bourgeois bourgeoisie central Chapter committees comrades Democrats economic struggle economists Emancipation of Labour Engels Erfurt Programme Erfurtian factory forces German historical indictments intellectuals intelligentsia Iskra issue Joint Letter Kautsky Kautsky’s konspiratsiia Krichevskii Kuskova labour Lassalle leader/guides leaders leadership Lenin Liadov Martov Martynov Marx Marxist mass means Menshevik merger Miliukov Nadezhdin Narodnaia volia newspaper organisation of revolutionaries outlook pamphlet party organisation passage Petersburg Plekhanov polemical political agitation political freedom political struggle praktiki programme Prokopovich proletariat propaganda purposive worker Rabochaia mysl Rabochee delo revolution revolutionary by trade role Russian revolutionary Russian Social Democracy Russian worker Savinkov Social-Democratic socialist SPD model spontaneity spread of awareness stikhiinost stikhiinyi stikhiinyi upsurge strikes tactics Takhtarev task terror textbook interpretation Tkachev translation tred-iunionist Trotsky tsarist underground Union Vladimir Akimov WITBD word worker class worker movement writings Zaria zemstvo