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Page 154 - In 1077 Pope Gregory obliged Henry IV"., emperor of Germany, to stand three days in the depth of winter, barefooted at his castle gate, to implore his pardon. In 1191, another pope kicked another emperor's crown off his head, while he was kneeling before him, to show that the pope could make and unmake kings at his pleasure.
Page 139 - Romans did not form a distinct order of citizens, but were. chosen from the most virtuous and honorable men of the state. These attended to the sacrifices of beasts to the gods, and other religious rites. The superstitions of the time gave rise to the establishment of a college of augurs, whose business it was to explain dreams, oracles, and prodigies, and to foretell future events. Leading a hill to lie sacrificed at one of the templeĢ.
Page 51 - Zone, between 4° 4' and 20° 3' north latitude and 116° 4' and 126° 34' east longitude from the meridian of Greenwich. It is surrounded on the north and west by the China Sea, on the east by the Pacific Ocean, and on the south by the Sea of Celebes.
Page 182 - Europe you will see many of these still in existence, some of which were built more than a thousand years ago. Most of them are in ruins, but they are interesting on account of the tales and legends of the olden times which are connected with them. 4. It is not certain when the feudal system commenced, but it appears to have been first in use among the German tribes, and was introduced into France by the Franks, who entered that country AD 420, and who laid the foundation of the French monarchy,...
Page 151 - Boxing, wrestling, and throwing the quoit formed a prominent part of these amusements ; but chariot driving took the lead of all others. 2. For the better enjoyment of horse and chariot races, there was an enclosed course immediately adjoining the city, called the circus. It was rather more than a mile in circumference, and was surrounded with seats, and three tiers of galleries.
Page 183 - French monarchy, about four hundred and eighty-six years after Christ. It continued in full force in the time of Charlemagne, and for some centuries after it formed the basis of all the political systems of Europe. 5. Now I must tell you that, among the rough kings and barons of the feudal times, it often happened that private acts of violence and injustice took place. Sometimes a powerful baron would come suddenly upon a weaker one, seize his castle, and either murder him or shut him up in a dungeon....
Page 177 - This was his son, entitled Louis the Mild. I know not wherefore he was called the Mild ; for one of the acts of his reign was to put out the eyes of another king whom he had taken prisoner. When Louis died, he left his dominions to his three sons. They immediately went to war with each other. It is said that a hundred thousand men were slain in one of their battles. 10. Some of the succeeding kings of France were Charles the Bald, Louis the Stammerer, Charles the Fat, Charles the Simple, Louis the...
Page 132 - Germany, all the states of Italy, Greece, the country now occupied by Turkey in Europe, beside many other nations. 3. In Asia, it embraced all the kingdoms from Asia Minor on the west, to India on the east. Of course, it included Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine, Arabia, Persia, Parthia, and many...
Page 181 - ... needed. 5. But, as I have said before, the great business of society in these times was war, either for defence against the attacks of other tribes, or for the purpose of conquering other tribes. The chiefs, or leaders, were generally the bravest and strongest men, those who would be most likely in a battle of hard blows to ensure victory 6.
Page 164 - Moorish kings had caused to be dug, that they might be buried there; tor they loved the Alhambra so well, that they used it both as their palace and sepulchre. 4. But the Spaniards hated the Moors, and seldom were at peace with them. In their continual wars, the victory sometimes fell to one party, and sometimes to the other. Eighty thousand Moors were once slain in a single battle. 5. On the other hand, a Moorish hero, by the name of Almanzor, is said to have vanquished the Spaniards in more than...