The Student's Modern Europe: A History of Modern Europe. From the Capture of Constantinople, 1453, to the Treaty of Berlin, 1878

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John Murray, 1885 - Europe - 772 pages
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Page 724 - II BY THE GRACE OF GOD AND THE WILL OF THE NATION KING OF ITALY In view of the law of March 17th, 1861, No.
Page 642 - ... cruelties. The finances of the country were in the most wretched condition, owing to the loss of the American colonies, which had taken advantage of Napoleon's conquest of Spain to establish their independence. Instead of trying to restore prosperity by maintaining peace, Ferdinand squandered large sums upon futile expeditions to recover the colonies. One of his expedients for raising money was the sale of Florida to the United States in 1819. Discontent in Spain found expression in numerous...
Page 628 - Majesty to create its members for life, or hereditary, at his pleasure. The income of the suppressed Senate was resumed, and vested in the crown, excepting confiscated property, which was restored to the lawful owners. The Catholic religion was declared to be that of the state, but all other Christian sects were to be protected.
Page 641 - ... more undertook the direction of affairs, with the support of the Right instead of the Left in the chambers. The censorship of the press was re-established and a new electoral law was introduced, which placed the election of half the deputies in the hands of the wealthy classes. The feeling in favor of the crown was increased by two events: the birth of a son, Henry, Duke of Bordeaux, to the Duchess of Berry, in September, 1820, and the death of the late Emperor at St. Helena on the 5th of May,...
Page 647 - France, and favoured the plan of a combined invasion by the allied forces of Europe. On the other hand, Canning, who had become foreign minister on the death of Castlereagh, sent the duke of Wellington to Verona with instructions to protest against any armed intervention whatever. Ultimately the four powers determined to demand from the Spanish government an alteration of the constitution and greater liberty for the king. It was understood that in case of an unsatisfactory answer being received,...
Page 636 - AllUnoe. sent of the rulers of Austria and Prussia on • *. the 26th of September, 1815. The three monarchs solemnly announced their intention of regulating their foreign and domestic policy by the precepts of Christianity, and declared that they would rule justly, promote brotherly love among their subjects, and do all in their power to maintain peace. All princes, except the Pope and the Sultan, were invited to join the alliance, which was to introduce a new era into Europe, and to prevent the...
Page 122 - John Casimir of the Palatinate advanced to their assistance with German troops. Against this powerful confederacy the Government could only proceed with weapons of deceit. Concessions were made to break up the hostile alliance without any intention of observing them. The Huguenots were allowed the free exercise of their religion everywhere except in Paris and the country round; they were to be admitted to offices, and the judicial authority was to be vested in mixed parliaments. Alencon was bought...
Page 714 - He was a socialist inSecreto{ possession of absolute power, but he had toŁtsioŁcii" conciliate the established dynasties, which hated and dreaded socialism. Hence the apparent vacillation of his policy and the secrecy which always shrouded his designs. He was naturally indolent and averse to business; he would trust no one to do his work for him, and thus his administration was always defective. His ability was considerable, but it was the ability of an imitator. He had none of the original genius...
Page 639 - Chambers demanded more extreme measures and clamored against the granting of an amnesty to traitors, Louis dissolved them. On the 5th of September, 1816, he issued an edict on his own authority, which made important changes in the system of representation. The number of deputies was reduced from 394 to 260, and the franchise, as settled by the Charter, was secured to all who paid 300 francs in direct taxes.

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