The European City and Green Space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St. Petersburg, 1850-2000
Recent years have seen sustained public debate and controversy over the 'greening' of European cities, associated with the environmental movement, pressures of urban redevelopment, and the promotional strategies of cities competing in a global market. But the European debate over urban green space has a long history dating back to Victorian concerns for the 'green lungs' of the city to combat the health and social problems caused by rapid population and industrial growth. This book explores the multiplicity of green space developments in the modern city - ranging over parks and commons, garden suburbs and the cities in the park, allotment gardens, green belts and national urban parks. It is concerned not only with the different types of green space but the many influences shaping their evolution, from international planning ideas, to the rise of modern-day sport and leisure, and the effects of the transport revolution.
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Politics ideology and the issue of open space in London
a model for the building of the city
green space in Helsinki
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The European City and Green Space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St ...
Begränsad förhandsgranskning - 2016
activities Alexandrovsky allotment gardens Ängby architects architecture became building built capital cent central Chapter city authorities City Council City Gardener city plan city's commons construction countryside created cultural districts Djurgården Enskede environment environmental estates example Finland Finnish forest Garden City Garden Suburb green areas Green Belt green space greenery growth Hammarbyhöjden hectares Helsingin Sanomat Helsinki City housing Ibid ideas important industrial inhabitants interviewees Island Käpylä Krestovsky Island land landscape leisure Leningrad located London Plan metropolitan municipal nasazhdeniy gor National Urban Park nature nineteenth century Octavia Hill organisations outer city parks and gardens period planners Plate playgrounds political population post-war public parks recreation region residents S-Peterburga social Society Södra Ängby Soviet sports grounds squares St Petersburg St Petersburg/Leningrad staden Stockholm suburban summer Sweden Swedish Tapiola Tavrichesky Town Planning trees twentieth century utanför Uutela Vällingby Victory Park Vuosaari