Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology

Front Cover
Walter Heywang, Karl Lubitz, Wolfram Wersing
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 14, 2008 - Science - 582 pages
0 Reviews

Discovered in 1880, piezoelectric materials play a key role in an innovative market of several billions of dollars. Recent advances in applications derive from new materials and their development, as well as to new market requirements. With the exception of quartz, ferroelectric materials are used for they offer both high efficiency and sufficient versatility to meet adequately the multidimensional requirements for application. Consequently, strong emphasis is placed on tailoring materials and technology, whether one deals with single crystals, ceramics or plastic materials. Tailoring requires a basic understanding of both physical principles and technical possibilities and limitations. This report elucidates these developments by a broad spectrum of examples, comprising ultrasound in medicine and defence industry, frequency control, signal processing by SAW-devices, sensors, actuators, including novel valves for modern motor management. It delivers a mutual fertilization of technology push and market pull that should be of interest not only to materials scientists or engineers but also to managers who dedicate themselves to a sound future-oriented R&D policy.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
Basics and Materials
6
Basic Material Quartz and Related Innovations
9
The Role of Ferroelectricity for Piezoelectric Materials
36
Piezoelectric PZT Ceramics
89
Relaxor Ferroelectrics
131
Piezoelectric Polymers and Their Applications
156
Applications and Innovations
178
Piezoelectric Films for Innovations in the Field of MEMS and Biosensors
351
Piezoelectric Composites by Solid Freeform Fabrication A NatureInspired Approach
377
Characterisation Methods
400
Microstructural Analysis Based on Microscopy and XRay Diffraction
401
Small Signal Resonance Methods
423
Large Signal Resonance and Laser Dilatometer Methods
445
Ferroelastic Characterization of Piezoelectrics
456
Multiscale Modelling
468

Electromechanical Frequency Filters
179
Ultrasonic Imaging
199
High Effective Lead Perovskite Ceramics and Single Crystals for Ultrasonic Imaging
223
HighPower Ultrasound Transducers for Therapeutic Applications
245
Piezoelectric Motors and Transformers
256
Piezoelectric Positioning
279
Piezoelectric Injection Systems
298
Advanced RF Signal Processing with Surface Acoustic Waves on Piezoelectric Single Crystal Substrates
311
FirstPrinciples Theories of Piezoelectric Materials
469
Thermodynamic Theory
493
Effective Medium Theories
517
FiniteElement Modelling of Piezoelectric Actuators Linear and Nonlinear Analyses
534
The Future
550
Trends in FerroelectricPiezoelectric Ceramics
551
Index
571
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases