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The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
The Impact of the West
The Ottoman Reform
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Abdiilhamid administrative Ahmed Anatolia Ankara appointed Arabic army authority became began Caliphate capital central Cevdet Christian civilization Committee of Union constitution Council derebeys dervish economic Efendi effect elected established Europe European exile fatherland foreign French Fuad Grand Vezir Greek Ibid ideas Imperial important influence Islam Istanbul Izmir Janissaries Jaschke Karal Kemalist land language later leaders liberal loyalty Lutfi Mahmud Mehmed ment Midhat military Minister Ministry modern mosque movement Murad Muslim Mustafa Kemal Namik Kemal nationalist nineteenth century non-Muslims Nutuk officers Ottoman Empire Paža Paris parliament Pasa Pasha People's Party political provinces published reform regime religion religious Republic Revolution role rule Rumelia Russian schools Selim Selim III social society Sublime Porte Sultan Tanzimat Tarih tion traditions translation Tunaya Turkey Turkish language Turkish nation ulema Union and Progress vilayet Western Young Ottomans Young Turk Ziya